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Lecture 1

SOCI 3410 Lecture 1: May 1st, 2017 Lecture Notes

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SOCI 3410
Leslie- Anne Keown

SOCI3410 Carleton University - Summer 2017 Lecture 1 - May 1st, 2017 Course Outline • Midterm (May 24th) - Readings and lectures - No specific murderers, no dates, no specific research - Be able to apply concepts - Several multiple choice questions • Final (June 25th) - Two essays questions - One is an analysis of a murder - No outside material Definitions and Explanations • Difference between homicide and murder - Killing is extinguishing life, can happen without being considered homicide or murder - Homicide is the killing of one human being by another, can happen without being considered murder - Murder is criminal homicide - How homicides consider murder and which are considered murders is based on the culture norms and beliefs of the specific society • Murder carries a mandatory minimum of 25 (30 in some cases) years; parole is available after this time • Manslaughter does not have a mandatory minimum • Infanticide is an excuse defense - Excuse defenses are cases in which the person is not currently responsible - Carries no minimum or maximum sentences Components of Homicide • All homicides (and crimes) have two parts to them - Actus reus • The actual act of the crime • In the case of homicide it is the act or omission that contributes to the killing of another person - Shooting a dummy that you believed was a person whom you intended to kill is attempted murder • Do you need a body? - Missing aboriginal women are not considered victims - Technically no, however, it must be proven that the act occurred and that there is no way that the person is currently alive - Mens rea • The intent for the crime • Often difficult to prove 1 SOCI3410 Carleton University - Summer 2017 • NCR, defence must prove that they were not criminally responsible and that the person could not form intent • Murder charges will be downgraded to manslaughter because intent could not be proved - Prosecution is not able to prove that a person started out committing the act with the direct intention to kill the victim • Planning first degree murder must involve premeditation (or the murder of a police/peace officer) - Can be within any time frame, but needs to include planning • Second degree murder is murder without premeditation or planning • Typically people are charged with lesser or included offences - This is to prevent from being completely dismissed, may not be charged with the greater charge but more likely that they could be charged with lesser crime • Provocation (excuse defense) is the idea or argument that the person was provoked to commit the actions that led to the death of the victim Multicide/Serial Murder • There are multiple types - Most common is the killing of family members (murder-suicides) • Can be referred to as mini-mass murder • Few victims (usually 3-4, spouse and children, then themselves) • Typically when committed by men they kill themselves as well, women are less likely to commit suicide after - Institutional mass murder (genocide, corporate homicide) • Ford produced a car that they knew would explode if hit in the right way, accountants found that it would be cheaper to leave cars on the road and pay out civil cases after deaths - Reports about this intention were found and criminal case occurred - Mass murder (school shooting, workplace shooting) • Take place all in one time period • Not considered a type of serial murder (as it is not multiple events which characterizes serial homicide) - Spree • Typically include multiple victims over several hours or days in multiple locations • Multiple events and victims that were all connected in specific ways • Does not include a cooling off period, however this became disputed as no one could accurately or specifically define what cooling off is • Spree is now considered a subcategory of serial homicide - Serial • FBI said that killing 4 or more people at the same time (most commonly used) - 3 or more attempted murders typically count • Mass murder classifications (typologies, therefore does not explain but rather just classifies) 2 SOCI3410 Carleton University - Summer 2017 - Family slayer or annihilator is a person who kills his family and commits suicide - Murder for profit is a person who kills in order to profit materially - Murderer for sex is a person with the primary goal to sexually torture, rape, and murder their victims - Pseudo-commando a person with an obsession for guns and a fantasy for murder - Set-and-run killer is a person who plans an escape route following the mass killing (very rare, most mass murderers don’t have an escape plan or intend to die) • Holmes mass murder classifications - Psychotic killer is a person suffering from acute or chronic psychosis, someone legally insane - Disgruntled employee is a person who seeks revenge for real of imagined wrongs at the hands of coworkers or employers - Disciple-type killer is a person who commits murder at the behest of a charismatic leader such as Charles Manson - Ideological mass murderer is a person, especially a cult leader, who is able to persuade others to kill themselves or each other such as Jim Jones, etc. - Institutional mass murder is a person who commits mass murder as a crime of obedience when ordered to by his or her leader (genocides) • Facts - Appear to give little concern to his or her inevitable capture or death - Some are killed by police during the attack (suicide by cop) - Some kill themselves before cops arrive and after they have completed the massacre - Some offenders surrender to police or offer no resistance • This is becoming more and more common • Bifurcation - Whether you commit the mass murder in one place or two - Bifurcation is the committing of mass murder in more than one place (beginning the murder in one place and then continuing it in anoth
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