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Lecture 5

SOCI 1002 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Talcott Parsons, Classic Case, Sociobiology


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 1002
Professor
Christian Pasiak
Lecture
5

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 16 pages of the document.
20 multiple choice (0.5% each)
-
5 short answer (2% each)
-
Midterm
Biological category based on seeing a distinct separation between male
or female organs at birth/genetic program of male or female hormones
released to stimulate reproductive system (male, female, intersexed,
asexual)
Sex
-
Social category referring to the feelings, attitudes, desires and behaviour
that are associated with a particular sexual category
Gender
-
Conventional Distinction Between Sex & Gender
§
Dad: worked for pay
Mom: stay at home mom
2.5 kids and a dog
Nuclear family
®
Talcott Parson's (1942) application of functionalism: 'traditional
gender roles help to integrate society'
"Human Condition based on the victim blaming
ideology
Critiques: used to justify male to male competition and
violence and aggressiveness towards "women who incite
jealousy"
®
Contemporary streams of sociobiology and psychology that
explain behaviour as biological differences between men and
women, described as "universal features of our evolved selves"
"Nuclear families keep people organized & women in the
workforce are the cause of divorce rates"
"Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve"
Examples?
§
Views gender differences as a reflection of biological differences between
essential categories of men and women
Essentialism/Biological Determinism -"Realist"
-
Differences between what it means to be male and female are socially
constructed in practice and ideology
Constructionism
-
Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism
Ignores historical and cultural variability of gender and sexuality
-
Generalizing from the average overlooks variations within gender groups
-
Little to no evidence supports main essentialist claim in sociobiology (e.g. no
genes fro gendered divisions of household labour…)
-
Essentialist explanations for gender difference ignore the influence of power
and opportunity
-
Critiques of Essentialism from Critical and Feminist Perspectives
Critique the assumption that nature and culture exist in separate realms
-
Sex is a category, gender can do what sex does …
Argue that delineating a distinct category for biology (nature) and another for
cultural embodiment and representation leads one to under-theorize "sex" and
overlook the complexities of and relations between body and history, body
and culture mingled in practice
-
Post-Structuralist Approaches
After accident and sex reassignment surgery as a young infant, became
the basis of a classic case study
In the end, did this make a strong case for nature vs. nurture?
Bruce/Brenda/David Reimer (1966-2004)
-
Deconstructing and Discussing the Case Study from the Text
Consent -why is this not a defense?
§
My body, my rules -I have control over my body
Changing from "Prostitutes" to Sex Workers
§
You can't tell me what I can and can't do with my body
Moving the sex workers to more dangerous situations -out of view
"Strangling" the sex workers by not allowing people to purchase what
they're selling
Sex Workers Rights
-
Political Lens in Canada
She's said that you should fit into the gender norms and what
society wants
§
"Pick a side"
Just now coming around about gay marriage
§
NOT A GOOD PERFORMER OF THIS ISSUE
Caitlyn Jenner
-
Teach women not to dress a certain way and not portray
themselves a certain way
Men aren't told not to rape yet women need to "be aware"
§
How you dress is consent? No.
How you act is consent? No.
"Asking for it"
§
Structural inequalities of men over women
Rape Culture
-
Sex and Gender in Culture
Male & Female
Heteronormativity
Functionalist (Talcott Parsons)
-
Marxism
Conflict (class inequalities)
-
Face-to-face interactions
§
Micro-level structures
Symbolic Internationalism (roles, identity)
-
Feminist (patriarchy, gender ideology, segregation)
-
Queer/Post-feminist theories (complexity, multiple/overlapping identities
negotiated in practice in different situations)
-
Developing & Negotiating Identities: Sociological Perspectives
Celebrated implicitly and explicitly
§
Women: emotionally invested, love me mentality, crying, etc.
Male: sex, beer, food, women, sports, etc.
Stereotype of how men and women think, act and do things
§
Father's day: Giving your father a tie -who says your dad wears a
tie? Maybe mom wears a tie?
§
Children thinking that is beautiful to look like Barbie
Barbie for girls, trucks for boys
§
Male and female
Cultural norm?
-
Pierre Bourdieu:
-
Gender Socialization and Heteronormativity
E.g. Fellatio epidemics
Teenage sexuality/Premarital sex/Promiscuity
-
Some legislation says that you need to teach it but it doesn't have
to be factual
§
People don't want to teach sex-ed
Sex education
-
Adultery
Infidelity/Cheating
-
Rachel Donoghue
Sent the video to his parents, her friends, etc.
§
Charged with revenge porn -now a registered sex offender
§
Found out her boyfriend was cheating because she found the sex tape of
him and the side girl
Shaming and Revenge Porn
-
Breastfeeding in public
Public nudity
-
E.g. washroom politics
Queer-, trans-, and homo-phobia
-
Sexual predators, deviants, perverts, pedophiles etc.
-
Controversy and Moral Panic
Where do our ideas and attitudes about sexuality come from?
-
Western sexuality as we know it is not an essential element of our 'human
capacities', but rather, has a historical emergence that can be traced to modern
government strategies and other social structures and institutions
-
When we observe the multiplication and distribution of contemporary
discourse surrounding sex, society seems far from 'repressed'
-
Lessons from Michael Foucault's History of Sexuality
Jennifer Lawrence coming out and saying that she's been photo-shopped
in a magazine
Body image/beauty expectations
-
Education
Wage gaps
§
Earnings
Health
Care
Gender gaps
-
Violence and oppression against women
-
Intersectional approaches
-
Gender Inequalities
Masculine Domination
Habitus
Not a physical
violence, it's in your
mind
§
Symbolic Violence
Sexualities and Gender Stratification
Sunday,)January)31,)2016
7:45)PM

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

20 multiple choice (0.5% each)
-
5 short answer (2% each)
-
Midterm
Biological category based on seeing a distinct separation between male
or female organs at birth/genetic program of male or female hormones
released to stimulate reproductive system (male, female, intersexed,
asexual)
Sex
-
Social category referring to the feelings, attitudes, desires and behaviour
that are associated with a particular sexual category
Gender
-
Conventional Distinction Between Sex & Gender
Argue that "this is what happens predominately"
§
Dad: worked for pay
Mom: stay at home mom
2.5 kids and a dog
Nuclear family
®
Talcott Parson's (1942) application of functionalism: 'traditional
gender roles help to integrate society'
"Human Condition based on the victim blaming
ideology
Critiques: used to justify male to male competition and
violence and aggressiveness towards "women who incite
jealousy"
®
Contemporary streams of sociobiology and psychology that
explain behaviour as biological differences between men and
women, described as "universal features of our evolved selves"
"Nuclear families keep people organized & women in the
workforce are the cause of divorce rates"
"Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve"
Examples?
§
Views gender differences as a reflection of biological differences between
essential categories of men and women
Essentialism/Biological Determinism -"Realist"
-
Differences between what it means to be male and female are socially
constructed in practice and ideology
Constructionism
-
Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism
Ignores historical and cultural variability of gender and sexuality
-
Generalizing from the average overlooks variations within gender groups
-
Little to no evidence supports main essentialist claim in sociobiology (e.g. no
genes fro gendered divisions of household labour…)
-
Essentialist explanations for gender difference ignore the influence of power
and opportunity
-
Critiques of Essentialism from Critical and Feminist Perspectives
Critique the assumption that nature and culture exist in separate realms
-
Sex is a category, gender can do what sex does …
Argue that delineating a distinct category for biology (nature) and another for
cultural embodiment and representation leads one to under-theorize "sex" and
overlook the complexities of and relations between body and history, body
and culture mingled in practice
-
Post-Structuralist Approaches
After accident and sex reassignment surgery as a young infant, became
the basis of a classic case study
In the end, did this make a strong case for nature vs. nurture?
Bruce/Brenda/David Reimer (1966-2004)
-
Deconstructing and Discussing the Case Study from the Text
Consent -why is this not a defense?
§
My body, my rules -I have control over my body
Changing from "Prostitutes" to Sex Workers
§
You can't tell me what I can and can't do with my body
Moving the sex workers to more dangerous situations -out of view
"Strangling" the sex workers by not allowing people to purchase what
they're selling
Sex Workers Rights
-
Political Lens in Canada
She's said that you should fit into the gender norms and what
society wants
§
"Pick a side"
Just now coming around about gay marriage
§
NOT A GOOD PERFORMER OF THIS ISSUE
Caitlyn Jenner
-
Teach women not to dress a certain way and not portray
themselves a certain way
Men aren't told not to rape yet women need to "be aware"
§
How you dress is consent? No.
How you act is consent? No.
"Asking for it"
§
Structural inequalities of men over women
Rape Culture
-
Sex and Gender in Culture
Male & Female
Heteronormativity
Functionalist (Talcott Parsons)
-
Marxism
Conflict (class inequalities)
-
Face-to-face interactions
§
Micro-level structures
Symbolic Internationalism (roles, identity)
-
Feminist (patriarchy, gender ideology, segregation)
-
Queer/Post-feminist theories (complexity, multiple/overlapping identities
negotiated in practice in different situations)
-
Developing & Negotiating Identities: Sociological Perspectives
Celebrated implicitly and explicitly
§
Women: emotionally invested, love me mentality, crying, etc.
Male: sex, beer, food, women, sports, etc.
Stereotype of how men and women think, act and do things
§
Father's day: Giving your father a tie -who says your dad wears a
tie? Maybe mom wears a tie?
§
Children thinking that is beautiful to look like Barbie
Barbie for girls, trucks for boys
§
Male and female
Cultural norm?
-
Pierre Bourdieu:
-
Gender Socialization and Heteronormativity
E.g. Fellatio epidemics
Teenage sexuality/Premarital sex/Promiscuity
-
Some legislation says that you need to teach it but it doesn't have
to be factual
§
People don't want to teach sex-ed
Sex education
-
Adultery
Infidelity/Cheating
-
Rachel Donoghue
Sent the video to his parents, her friends, etc.
§
Charged with revenge porn -now a registered sex offender
§
Found out her boyfriend was cheating because she found the sex tape of
him and the side girl
Shaming and Revenge Porn
-
Breastfeeding in public
Public nudity
-
E.g. washroom politics
Queer-, trans-, and homo-phobia
-
Sexual predators, deviants, perverts, pedophiles etc.
-
Controversy and Moral Panic
Where do our ideas and attitudes about sexuality come from?
-
Western sexuality as we know it is not an essential element of our 'human
capacities', but rather, has a historical emergence that can be traced to modern
government strategies and other social structures and institutions
-
When we observe the multiplication and distribution of contemporary
discourse surrounding sex, society seems far from 'repressed'
-
Lessons from Michael Foucault's History of Sexuality
Jennifer Lawrence coming out and saying that she's been photo-shopped
in a magazine
Body image/beauty expectations
-
Education
Wage gaps
§
Earnings
Health
Care
Gender gaps
-
Violence and oppression against women
-
Intersectional approaches
-
Gender Inequalities
Masculine Domination
Habitus
Not a physical
violence, it's in your
mind
§
Symbolic Violence
Sexualities and Gender Stratification
Sunday,)January)31,)2016 7:45)PM

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

20 multiple choice (0.5% each)
-
5 short answer (2% each)
-
Midterm
Biological category based on seeing a distinct separation between male
or female organs at birth/genetic program of male or female hormones
released to stimulate reproductive system (male, female, intersexed,
asexual)
Sex
-
Social category referring to the feelings, attitudes, desires and behaviour
that are associated with a particular sexual category
Gender
-
Conventional Distinction Between Sex & Gender
Argue that "this is what happens predominately"
§
Dad: worked for pay
Mom: stay at home mom
2.5 kids and a dog
Nuclear family
®
Talcott Parson's (1942) application of functionalism: 'traditional
gender roles help to integrate society'
"Human Condition based on the victim blaming
ideology
Critiques: used to justify male to male competition and
violence and aggressiveness towards "women who incite
jealousy"
®
Contemporary streams of sociobiology and psychology that
explain behaviour as biological differences between men and
women, described as "universal features of our evolved selves"
"Nuclear families keep people organized & women in the
workforce are the cause of divorce rates"
"Adam and Eve, not Adam and Steve"
Examples?
§
Views gender differences as a reflection of biological differences between
essential categories of men and women
Essentialism/Biological Determinism -"Realist"
-
Differences between what it means to be male and female are socially
constructed in practice and ideology
Constructionism
-
Essentialism vs. Social Constructionism
Ignores historical and cultural variability of gender and sexuality
-
Generalizing from the average overlooks variations within gender groups
-
Little to no evidence supports main essentialist claim in sociobiology (e.g. no
genes fro gendered divisions of household labour…)
-
Essentialist explanations for gender difference ignore the influence of power
and opportunity
-
Critiques of Essentialism from Critical and Feminist Perspectives
Critique the assumption that nature and culture exist in separate realms
-
Sex is a category, gender can do what sex does …
Argue that delineating a distinct category for biology (nature) and another for
cultural embodiment and representation leads one to under-theorize "sex" and
overlook the complexities of and relations between body and history, body
and culture mingled in practice
-
Post-Structuralist Approaches
After accident and sex reassignment surgery as a young infant, became
the basis of a classic case study
In the end, did this make a strong case for nature vs. nurture?
Bruce/Brenda/David Reimer (1966-2004)
-
Deconstructing and Discussing the Case Study from the Text
Consent -why is this not a defense?
§
My body, my rules -I have control over my body
Changing from "Prostitutes" to Sex Workers
§
You can't tell me what I can and can't do with my body
Moving the sex workers to more dangerous situations -out of view
"Strangling" the sex workers by not allowing people to purchase what
they're selling
Sex Workers Rights
-
Political Lens in Canada
She's said that you should fit into the gender norms and what
society wants
§
"Pick a side"
Just now coming around about gay marriage
§
NOT A GOOD PERFORMER OF THIS ISSUE
Caitlyn Jenner
-
Teach women not to dress a certain way and not portray
themselves a certain way
Men aren't told not to rape yet women need to "be aware"
§
How you dress is consent? No.
How you act is consent? No.
"Asking for it"
§
Structural inequalities of men over women
Rape Culture
-
Sex and Gender in Culture
Male & Female
Heteronormativity
Functionalist (Talcott Parsons)
-
Marxism
Conflict (class inequalities)
-
Face-to-face interactions
§
Micro-level structures
Symbolic Internationalism (roles, identity)
-
Feminist (patriarchy, gender ideology, segregation)
-
Queer/Post-feminist theories (complexity, multiple/overlapping identities
negotiated in practice in different situations)
-
Developing & Negotiating Identities: Sociological Perspectives
Celebrated implicitly and explicitly
§
Women: emotionally invested, love me mentality, crying, etc.
Male: sex, beer, food, women, sports, etc.
Stereotype of how men and women think, act and do things
§
Father's day: Giving your father a tie -who says your dad wears a
tie? Maybe mom wears a tie?
§
Children thinking that is beautiful to look like Barbie
Barbie for girls, trucks for boys
§
Male and female
Cultural norm?
-
Pierre Bourdieu:
-
Gender Socialization and Heteronormativity
E.g. Fellatio epidemics
Teenage sexuality/Premarital sex/Promiscuity
-
Some legislation says that you need to teach it but it doesn't have
to be factual
§
People don't want to teach sex-ed
Sex education
-
Adultery
Infidelity/Cheating
-
Rachel Donoghue
Sent the video to his parents, her friends, etc.
§
Charged with revenge porn -now a registered sex offender
§
Found out her boyfriend was cheating because she found the sex tape of
him and the side girl
Shaming and Revenge Porn
-
Breastfeeding in public
Public nudity
-
E.g. washroom politics
Queer-, trans-, and homo-phobia
-
Sexual predators, deviants, perverts, pedophiles etc.
-
Controversy and Moral Panic
Where do our ideas and attitudes about sexuality come from?
-
Western sexuality as we know it is not an essential element of our 'human
capacities', but rather, has a historical emergence that can be traced to modern
government strategies and other social structures and institutions
-
When we observe the multiplication and distribution of contemporary
discourse surrounding sex, society seems far from 'repressed'
-
Lessons from Michael Foucault's History of Sexuality
Jennifer Lawrence coming out and saying that she's been photo-shopped
in a magazine
Body image/beauty expectations
-
Education
Wage gaps
§
Earnings
Health
Care
Gender gaps
-
Violence and oppression against women
-
Intersectional approaches
-
Gender Inequalities
Masculine Domination
Habitus
Not a physical
violence, it's in your
mind
§
Symbolic Violence
Sexualities and Gender Stratification
Sunday,)January)31,)2016 7:45)PM
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