SOCI 2005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Scientific Management, Social Theory, Social Contract

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Interested in the moral basis of social, economic and political relations, similar to. Mauss"s literature focuses on non-capitalist systems of exchange and reciprocity. Interests in the art of bartering as well as gift economies and their processes. Different from marx and his view on the commodity economy (i. e the buying and selling of goods or services) The gift (book written by mauss) challenges the mainstream practices that indigenous societies were seen as irrational (i. e the outlaw of potlach) Presumption - the use of archaic societies is completely ethnocentric and racist. Gifts are social relations, a vehicle through which relationships are established and reproduced. Contracts are ful lled and exchanges of goods are made by means of gifts - mauss. Valuables are not traded or sold in a gift economy. The value of the repayment is not speci ed, unlike buying a coffee for two dollars.

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