SOCI 2450 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Personal Structures, Robbery, Psychopathy

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Instrumental violence: designed to improve financial/social position of the criminal, armed robbery. Expressive violence: vents rage anger or frustration, corporal nathan cirillo 2014. Violent offenders: demonstrate abnormal personal structures psychopathic tendencies. Murderous youth: signs of major neurological impairment. Serial rapists/ repeat sex offenders: majority show psychopathic personalities. Violence traced to: rejecting, ineffective or abusive parenting. Abused in youth: high % of convicted murders, higher rate of delinquent behaviours (including violence) Freud: aggression/violence produced by 2 distinct drives, eros + thanatos, thanatos: can be expressed externally/internally, little hope for treatment aggression is instinctual. Other scientists: aggression/violence result of inborn animal instincts. Constant exposure at home or school: may adopt own violent methods. Exposure may affect adults: police exposure to violence affects use of force. Interpersonal violence: more common in urban areas. Subculture of violence: norms + customs in contrast to society/s dominant value system. Violence influences: lifestyle, socialization process, interpersonal relationships.

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