Lecture 6.odt

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13 Apr 2012
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Criminology 2450- Victimology
Lifestyle theories: important because they define who is at risk for victimization; based on
specific propositions:
The probability of suffering a person victimization is directly related to theamount of time that a
person spends in public places
The probability of being in public places at night varies as a function of lifestyle
Social contacts and interactions occur disproportionately among individuals who share similar
lifestyles
An individual’s chances of personal victimization are dependent on the extent to which the
individual shares demographic characteristics with offenders
The proportion of time that an individual spends with non-family members varies as a function of
lifestyle
Patterns of Victimization
If we look at patterns of victimization, we find different types of crimes that are committed which
involve different instigators (victim-precipitated and non-victim precipitated):
Victim-precipitated: where the victim instigates the crime but ends up a victim (e.g. wife attacks
cheating husband but she is assaulted/dies)
Non-victim precipitated: where the offender instigates the crime
Both the Lifestyle Theory and Routine Activity Approach provide guidelines for reducing
victimization.
Perceptions of Victimization
Media Overrepresentation: The media over-represents victimization, especially stranger-violence
and homicide
Routines: lifestyle theories focus on peoples routines and daily activities
Young lower-class males that work/drive/walk at night are in a higher victimization class
Demographics: lifestyle is influenced in part by demographics such as gender, age, and social
status
Men – victims of robbery and assault
Women – victims of sexual assault and theft
Age: Age influences victimization
Young people are the most victimized (15-24)
Social Status: Social status creates a lifestyle risk
Lower-class Canadians are at a higher risk than affluent families
Single: Single people are at a higher risk of victimization because they participate in more public
activities
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