SOCI 3410 Lecture Notes - Blue-Collar Worker, Anomie, Mechanical And Organic Solidarity

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Published on 21 Apr 2013
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Lecture 2:
Police State (know what it is): a country occupied by a militia which controls the populations actions, the
rights of the public are taken away
-Police fear the fact of being studied in depth by researchers since it’ll expose their actions; it is difficult
to conduct a study on any police unit
-A big number of people who become officers generally come from blue collar families that don’t have a
steady education
-To join a force you must get through a security clearance, psychological testing, isolate the individual
4 Sources: 1. young police officers are part of a socialization process, routine of police work (you do
what your colleagues tell you to do) 2. Police subculture, they usual just form friendships with other
officers 3. It may be taken form an anomie 4.
A study of a police use of force SIU; 5 things that add to a violent police culture,
1. Militaristic, the notion of a war on crime and every individual is a suspect (us v. them)
2. War Stories, predicts minority as a threat
3. Emphasis on toughness, courage, and respect
4. The contempt of cop syndrome, people basically defy the police
5. Code of silence, police will lie even in court to keep any officer safe
Behind the shield, the principle of equilibrium: an organizations parative that allows the criticism over
police: Exculpatory: to excuse or Inculpatory
Policy changes: High standards of admission, a special body of knowledge and theory, altruism and
dedication to the service ideal, a lengthy period of training for candidates, a code of ethics, licensing of
members (take an oath to become an officer, oath of office is to the people and rule of law), autonomies
control, pride within the members, publicly recognized status
Emile Durkheim, distinguishes between organic and mechanical solidarity in the social system (found
mostly in police work), primitive and less complex society work are bound together on mechanical ideas
bound together while more advanced work generate a different type of mechanical solidarity served
through the labour force (Repressive laws) (Restitotive laws, professional model)
Jerome Skolick (IMPORTANT), in his book Justice without Trial he talks about certain elements included
in the police environment, they include danger, authority and should be enforced efficiently. The
relationship between police and public isn’t really there. The element of danger isolates the officer for
society. Defiling assailant
2 Types of cynicism: one is directed to the police force itself, against the world and people in general
-This may be a division of anomie, continuum of 6 steps where you start out with a commitment
-Psydocynisism: found in new recruits
Watchmen style, legalistic style, reactive policing (90% react to calls made by dispatcher)
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Document Summary

Police state (know what it is): a country occupied by a militia which controls the populations actions, the rights of the public are taken away. Police fear the fact of being studied in depth by researchers since it"ll expose their actions; it is difficult to conduct a study on any police unit. A big number of people who become officers generally come from blue collar families that don"t have a steady education. To join a force you must get through a security clearance, psychological testing, isolate the individual. 4 sources: 1. young police officers are part of a socialization process, routine of police work (you do what your colleagues tell you to do) 2. Police subculture, they usual just form friendships with other officers 3. It may be taken form an anomie 4. Behind the shield, the principle of equilibrium: an organizations parative that allows the criticism over police: exculpatory: to excuse or inculpatory.

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