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Lecture 17

CLAS 364 Lecture 17: March 1 notes, classical archaeology

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Concordia University
CLAS 364
Jane Francis

March 1, 2017 The Parthenon Ionic Frieze o West, north, south sides: riders emphasizes importance of horserelated activities to Athenians including horse events in the Panathenaic Games (held near the Acropolis) o Who are these riders? o Frieze starts at the southeast or northeast corner and goes around the building o Viewer confronts groups of riders, both on horseback and the grooms, some not on the horses at all o Everyone is getting ready to start the procession o Realistic in terms of how large amounts of people will organize themselves and begin the procession North Frieze: Riders o Ca. 60 riders represented diversity in costume; reasons unknown Dont know who these individuals are, may represent Athenian people, but no historically named individuals May represent competitors of the games they participate in, none of the costumes seem foreign, no foreign mercenaries Diversity in costumes may be for artistic interest Highend good quality artists Giving a good depiction of these riders and the procession Dynamic scenes, interaction between the characters o Cavalcade of riders in defined formation forming 10 units each with a different number o Organized by rank, many figures overlapping o Attempt to show depth recession, but 8 is the maximum number available before he runs out of room o A single figure placed nearest the viewer, not overlapping this is the leader of the unit o I. Jenkins, 2006. Used 3D imaging to distinguish the figures o Differing layers of depth in riders o Diagonal overlapping Are these made to be representative of military ranks in Athens? May be 92 riders = might represent the number of soldiers that died at the battle of Marathon Was this a result of a historical agenda? Reference to increase in cavalry? South Frieze: Horsemen o 10 groups of 6 riders each, same type of overlapping o Proportions of horses to men = men are larger than the horse o Tried to get equal force for rider and horse, therefore they made them relatively the same size o Shows the importance of both the rider and the horse o Left stuff out of the frieze North Frieze: 11 chariots o Located ahead of riders on both sides (10 on south frieze; 11 on the north frieze) o First two chariots are stationery, but the rest rush forward at quick pace, describes different pace of the procession (waiting, starting, in the midst of action) o Some charioteers depicted as warriors with armourhelmets
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