CHAPTER 2 History of Urban Transport
From Walking to Railways
•Over time the creation of new transport modes has increased
as well as the infrastructures in cities.
•The shift from the original walking cities was slowly
oIn the walking cities/pedestrian cities, there wasn’t
much space for mobility as in them everything was very
concentrated (about 3-4km in diameter).
oThe rural-urban boundary was well defined, as a matter
of fact the center was very crowded and just a couple
of km away the separation was precise, as there wasn’t
almost anything (mainly farmland)
oEverything was built according to the activity center
of the city. For example in Quebec City the walking
part was built when the only mode of transport was
walking and/or horse carriage.
•In Cities with not much space available, the actual street
place was limited.
oVery often homes and workplaces co-located. For
example there would be the office of a lawyer in the
front and his house and family in the back of the
oStreets are used as market space and social place.
oSpaces between buildings are like rooms, there is a
sense of enclosure. Especially for example in older
European cities, “la cour” was a protected space.
•A terminating vista is when you look at the end of the
street and see a building.
II. Origins of Public Transit
•The 19th Century was a period of rapid change. The first
public transportation occurred in the 1850’s-1860’s.
•Before public transit, “not” walking to places was a luxury
reserved for royalty.
•The first public transit occurred in Nantes in the 1820’s
when anyone was allowed to ride in the carriage called
omnibus. Later, several more were designed all around the
world and were basically carriages with benches installed
•Walker defines transit as: “Public transit consists to
carry multiple passengers with the capacity to carry
multiple passengers whose trips may have different origins,
destinations and purposes.”
•It usually requires a payment (“fare”).
•The Right of Way (ROW) of a public transit had to be either