Terms: Relative Gains, Kantian Triangle, Collective Security
Neo Realism (continued):
"Why is cooperation hard?"
Relative Gains- When multiple states plan to cooperate, a state must not ask
how much it will personally gain, but who will gain more. If a state expects
to gain less than its partner it assumes that this will put it at a disadvantage
and refuse to cooperate. (or if a state has already started to cooperate it
may withdraw) Important detail: In order for Relative Gains to apply the
"Gains" must be convertible into power.
Relative loss- When a state gains less than its partner from cooperation
Liberal- Based on a society centric belief of how states act. Believes people
are rational, (As in are goal orientated.. a.k.a. I'll do something that to some
may be really stupid, but as long as it works towards my end goal it is
considered rational in this sense) and believe in the effect of
interdependence (they believe this dampens the effects of anarchy) on IR.
Liberalism doesn't believe that all states will act the same (realism) but that
due to the interest groups each state will be different. The self-interests of
states is still a thing, but driven more by interest groups (instead of power
like realists would say) Branches: Kantian, Neoliberal, Analytical*
Kantian theory (What realists call idealism): In his book "Perpetual Peace"
(1795) Kant outlined the idea of pacific union (peaceful union) caused by
1 Republican government (similar to democratic system)
2 Trade (interdependence)
3 International law and organization