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POLI 202 Notes

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Department
Political Sc
Course
POLI 207
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
Socrates470300BCAristotleCiceroPlutarchMarcusAureliusStAugustineStTAquinasMartinLutterStTMoreGreekPhilosophersSocratesPlatoAristotleSPAeachtaughttheotherSocratesHemarriedbuthadatendencytofallinlovewithyoungmeninparticularayoungsoldiernamedAlcibiadesHisstudentPlatocalledhimthewisestandjustestandbestofallmenwhomIhaveeverknownIrritatedbytheSophistsandtheirtendencytopromotetheideathatallthingsarerelativePlatoBorninAthensStudentofSocratesveryinfluencedbyhimandAristotlewasPlatosstudentHestheidealistinthepaintingpointingupTheoryofformsTheoryofethicsLogicfirstrationalsystematicaccountFoundedtheAcademyinAthensOnecannotsayifsomethingisgoodorbaduntilthegoodandbadisdefinedThisleadPlatotoformulateatheoryofformsandideasHebelievedintheideaofsoulSophiststaughtrelativismHebelievedthegoodwasabsoluteHadrevolutionaryideaofcreationEarthTheApologyPlatosversionofthespeechgivenbySocratesSocratesdefendedhimselfin399BCagainstthechargesofcorruptingtheyoungandbynotbelievinginthegodsinwhomthecitybelievesbutintheotherdaimoniathatarenovelNowisthetimethatweweregoingItodieandyoutolivebutwhichofushasthehappierprospectisunknowntoanyonebutGodTheRepublicFocusedontheIdealStateHowcanwebuildtheperfectstateFirstyougetridofthefamilyprivatepropertygenderrolesetcTranscendhumanselfishnessgoalissocialunityWhatisjusticeSocraticdialogueConcerningthedefinitionofjusticetheorderandcharacterofthejustcitystateandjustmanIdentifiesjusticeasharmonyinastructuredpoliticalbodyTriestoshowthatindividualjusticemirrorspoliticaljusticeAllegoryofthecaveseedrawingHowtocreatetheperfectsociety1tofwomen2Abolitionoffamilyproperty3NoblelieconvincethatpeoplearebornwithatypeofmetalgoldsilverbronzereasonaboveallelsegoldreasonsilvercourageheartbronzedesireDemocracyisbadaccordingtoPlatoGivespowertoworkerswhowillreasonbydesireLotsoffreedomlittleguidanceleadtobaddecisionsGoalsofScienceDescriptionExplanationUnderstandingPredictionAristotleFoundedtheideaofbiologyHeisarealistpointingdowninthepaintingOftencalledsuboptimiserdontletidealsofperfectionleadyourlifeperfectionistheenemyofthegoodVoltaireJusticePeoplearenotequalInequalityInequalityisanobviousempiricalfactHumanselfishnessispartofwhoweareHewantedtocreateastatethatacknowledgeshumanselfishnessthegoalisbalanceHecameupwiththeideaofPolityastatethatisbalancedwhereweareforcedtoworktogetherbutatthesametimemaintainprivatepropertyandthefamilybecausethatswhoweareCriticismofPlatoPlatosmartgirlsAristotlenoManispoliticalTeleologyEverythinghappensforapurposeVirtuePeoplebecomevirtuousbyactingvirtuousGoldenmeanOneshouldavoidextremesthegoodwaytobeisinthemiddlePoliticalsciencepoliscishouldnotbetheoreticalpoliticsgoodlifeLeadershipcommunitycanpossessorderonlywitharuleauthority75ofhisthoughtswerelostforeverRegimesgoodmonarchyaristocracypolitybadtyrannyoligarchydemocracyDemocracybasedonequalityOligarchybasedoninequalityThePoliticsInfluencedbytheAthenianidealofaselfsufficientsovereignpoliticalcommunityHearguedthatthestatewasanaturalinstitutionandthatmanisbynatureapoliticalanimalwhofindsrealizationonlywithinapoliticalcommunityPoliticalassociationpolisDifferentkindsofassociationsfoundedondifferentkindsofrelationshipsBasicunitofassociationisthehouseholdthenextisthevillageandtheultimateassociationisthecityOnlyaspartofacitycanpeoplefullyrealizetheirnatureseparatedfromthecitytheyareworsethananimals3kindsofrelationshipsthatmakeupthehouseholdMasterslaveHusbandwifeParentchildSlaveryAristotleviewsslavesasthemeansbywhichthemastersecureshislivelihoodNaturegenerallyconsistsofrulingandruledelementsBeingsuitedtomasteryofslaveryisgenerallyinheritedMasterSlaveSoulBodyMasterpossessesrationalcommandingpowersSlaveisfitonlytocarryoutmenialdutiesMasterSlaveMonarchStatesmanandfreecitizensCitizenshipConstitutionsWemustinquireintothenatureofthecitizenbeforeinquiringintotenatureofthestateAconstitutionisawayoflifeofacitizenbodyThebestformofpoliticalsocietyisonewherepowerisvestedinthemiddleclass
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