Driven by self-interest, state of insecurity and state of nature. No one is so superior to others that they can gain their own security. Chapter 17 commonwealth as a result of artifice, not by nature. Put people in extreme circumstance to see what they"re really like watch how people behave in their daily lives, we neglect the civility of many based on the commonplace. Arguments are inconclusive, we look at language we look at language as a moral compass for behaviour. Human problems are fixable human relations are intelligible. Intelligible act of submission act of authorization social contract: establishment of commonwealth was a result of an agreement that was made covenant between g-d and man. 109: every man should say to every man, give up self to man to be governed by man. Make an argument for absolutism absolute political authority. Faced with absolute sovereign, or face state of nature, or anarchy, some order vs. complete lack of order.