PSYC 364 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Endel Tulving, Explicit Memory, Amnesia

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Fraction of a second: short-term (working) memory, capacity: 15 to 20 secs: long-term memory, capacity: The nature of long-term memory: information archive, events, knowledge, skills, works closely with working memory, graded in time: Types of long-term memory: not a unitary concept, explicit vs. Types of explicit memory: episodic vs. semantic, episodic: Types of implicit memory: procedural, motor: Similar to sensory (echoic and iconic): classical conditioning, cognitive: Episodic memory: involves mental time travel, associated with specific, personal context and experience, source of specific knowledge or information, autobiographical. Semantic memory: involves knowing something, general or specific knowledge about: A source: can be personal but generic (e. g. , writing an exam: you need to know what to study). Interaction in explicit memory: episodic to semantic, experience fades to knowledge: Becomes part of what we know: knowledge influences experience, personal semantic memories, episodic: Long-term memory: remembering all the details of a certain event is effortful: As we live we choose which memories to keep episodic.

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