questions from lecture
1. Descibe the characteristics of the Creator Deity in myths related to “Creation from
- powerful symbolism of a deity who creates from noting is symbolic tour de force against
cultural histories as the basis for a new founding and ordering of the world and the human
- Power for the deity in myths – establishes the cosmos as unrelated to and discontinuous
from, all other structures before the statement of creation.
- Deity appears out of nothingness, autonomous, self-created, no family,
- The deliberate process of creation = willful volition and the fact that creation is brought
forth as a form of perfection from a supreme being
- Creation deity in myths = often symbolized by the sky or sky deities (s
- Ultimately, creation from nothing emphasizes that creation is not mere ordering or even
founding but has come forth as a powerful religio-magical evocation from a powerful
2. What are the characteristics of the “Creation from a Cosmic Egg” type of Cosmogony?
- Many myths involving creation from chaos = symbolism of a cosmic egg/ ovoid shape
out of which creation or the first created being emerges
- Egg = symbol of fertility
- Egg myths potency for creation within the egg and incubation of egg = implies a time-
ordered creation, and specific determination regarding order.
- Hermann Baumann one motif of egg symbolism has to do with the statement and
resolution of the problem of sexual rivalry and its origin in megalithic cultural circles.
- H.B. there is an early stage in megalithic cultures in which the meaning of creation is
expressed in the for of a sky father and earth mother as sexually differentiated deities;
there is another stage in which the parents are separated and many reside within the egg
- Symbolism of the egg also means a state of primordial perfection out of which the
created order proceeds.
3. What are “Earth-Diver Myths”? Provide examples of the types and range of myth.
- In earth-diver myths water = the primordial stuff of the beginning
- (TYPE Antagonism between two creative