Class Notes (835,754)
Canada (509,376)
English (42)
ENGL 3002 (1)
E.Wunker (1)

Contemporary Critical Theory.docx

12 Pages
Unlock Document

ENGL 3002

Contemporary Critical Theory 1/9/2013 12:51:00 PM January 9, 2013 Situating ourselves…  We appropriated so much time towards these subjects and texts that we feel we must still do so.  That‟s what theories are for, to reform our idea of what is supposed to be studied, we can situate yourself with a certain type of theory and how things should be taught. Theory: N  Critical theory may be distinguished from a traditional theory according to a specific practical purpose: a theory is critical to the extent that it seeks human emancipation, „to liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them” ( Max Horkheimer Critical Theory 244)  W.B. Yeats Among School Children o 1928 o comparing, dissecting the world around us using the difference as a symbolism in our selves, body and soul, dancer and the dance life and purpose. o Formalist structural readings: lover, his age, story about an old man, he was 60 when he wrote the store  Marxist Criticism is using Marxist theory, judgment to criticize a text  What are Rhizomes: mass roots, meaning to strike our, nonhierachial mode of analysis January 14 2013 “The form of A” and “The form of a City” – relativity materiality Unholy Trinity 1: Critiquing Capitalism and Economy Karl Marx- “Preface (to a contribution to the critique of political economy)”  “The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence but their social existence that determines their consciousness.”  Preface: temporality- making very plain his own temporality his own time in history  Relationally- Marx is able to relate to the New York intellectuals, contextualize a piece of writing by paying attention to their classification  Independent categories of materiality (money) and Social consciousness (awareness or lack their of that we fit into capitalism or social classes)  Clear rhetorical strategies, rhetoric, structure the text takes to induce a reaction in the reader  The subject exists before his or her entrance into language o Statement that assumes there is a you. o  The dialect structure o Thesis antithesis o ^Synthesis (thesis  Antithesis o ^Synthesis (Thesis)  Antithesis o ^Synthesis  marxism itself emerged through a life long colaberation between himself and angles- best writing together, o sociology of capitalism, philosophy of history, economic theory, call for a/theory of revolution ( to stage a revolution)  Marxism is a comprehensive cultural theory Marxist understand production and the individuals relation to production is relational Capitalist consumption the system starts to change your desires  Marx believes that everything is relational  READ THE FORM OF A- aloud to class Division of labor: As people join together to produce food, shelter, clothing, different work is assigned to different people  Bourgeoisie: new class of capitalist merchants  Proletariat: January 16 2013 Made comment on other students comment, on does his excess language ruin the argument, I referred to George Orwell‟s essay Politics and the English Language. Orwells argument is mainly for political writing, since using excess words, orwell argues, is for the purpose of hiding ones true motive. So in this case it does not effect his argument  Language pre supposes reality (696)  Aggressive Deconstructive vs hope   Influences on Nietzche‟s thought o Immanuel Kant (1724- 1804):  central to all Kant‟s work is the belief that reason can test and recognize its own limits o metaphysics:  from Aristotle „being as such‟; “The unchanging first causes have nothing but bein in common with the mutable things they cause like us and the objects of our experience, they are, and there the resemblance ceases.”  Short life, lasting influence on literary theory and philosophy  Friendship with composer chopinhour*- praised music as true forms of art, large influence on FN  Productive life- writing producing work, brief, less than 20 years  14 manuscripts, many short works, aphorism, statements, many letters  Gramsci organic intellectual through experience  FN trained by ivy league schools  Academic career friends at school, wandered in bookstores- happy accidents resulted in him changing his philosophical developments  Dialectic- synthesis of two  Master slave- master has power of the slave, but you can not be a master if you did not have a slave  Zeitgeist – the spirit of the times Wilhelm Richard Wagner  German composer know especially for his operas believe in total artwork the synthesis of all the poetic visual, musical and dramatic arts  Works by Wagner and Nietzsche were appropriated by Hitler‟s Nazi regime and mobilized as propaganda  While Wagner was an avowed anti- Semite, Nietzsche was not  ( friendship with Wagner was greatest accomplishment of life )  Human, all to human (text marks a turning point in his philosophical style, ends friendship with Wagner)  Nietzsche hated racism and nationalism  ASKED what works did Hitler use and how did he use them? o The will to power (which was a passive acceptance of truths, the over man ( the individual who can gain control over his own self, to harness his own desires to move on in the world in a better way) o The rhetorical flourish in a “we must do this” reflects onto Hitler‟s way of ruling.  FN falls for  Lou andreas-salome o Eventual psychoanalyst andreas-solome‟s diverse friendships (Nietzsche, Wagner, Freud, Rilke) likely had wide influence o First female psychoanalyst, first to write about female sexual- psychology (1911 )  FN experienced mental break down o Horse is whipped and he throws arms around it, and collapses, and is never the same again  Nietzschean perspectivism: the claim that all processes of idea generation occur from particular perspective  These perspectives determine the possibility of assessing truth and value.  In other words, there is no way of seeing the world that can be understood as definitively true, but this does not claim that perspectives are equally valid  Apollonian spirit: characterized by wholeness music and poetry, lightness, civilization, thinking self control ration and logic order individualistic, human beings as artists.  Dionysian spirit: Characterized by ecstasy, intoxication, darkness, primal nature, feeling passionate irrational chaotic wholeness of existence, human beings as work and glorification of art  Truth and Falsity  Fn is practicing what later gets termed – deconstruction.  Examining the relationship between two terms that are usually taken as binary opposites o They don‟t coincide
More Less

Related notes for ENGL 3002

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.