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HPRO 3351 (3)


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Dalhousie University
Health Promotion
HPRO 3351
Julian Young

INJURY PREVENTION 1 Nova Scotia’s Renewed Injury Prevention Strategy – article reading for next class (Jan 23, 2013) Health Promotion 101 course: What is an injury? Injury is the physical damage that results when a human body is suddenly or briefly subjected to intolerable levels of energy. The time between exposure to the energy and the appearance of an injury is short. Categorizing Injury**on exam (know and have examples for each) • Etiology • Intent • Place of Occurrence • Nature of injury • Severity • By Population groups What are the types of energy transfer?  i.e. car moving fast, breaking quickly, and body is forced outside the windshield Ways of Classifying Injury: External causes External agent that delivers the energy or particular activities that precipitate the injury: • Motor vehicle crash • Fall • Poisoning • Fire and burns • Drowning • Stab or cutting/piercing wound Intent 2  Injury • Intentional o Self-inflicted • Unintentional o Other inflicted Place of Occurrence • On the road, air, sea • In the home and institutions • At work • At school • At the playground, sports Nature of Injury What actually happened to the injured person? • Brain and spinal cord injuries • Fractures • Sprains and Strains Going beyond the physical effects… • Emotional • Physical • Mental Severity • Fatality • Severe trauma • Hospital admission • Emergency room visit • Physician treated • Not treated/self-treated *The Injury Iceberg 1 Death per 21 hospital admissions, and 348 treated in emergency departments By Population affected/at risk • Children and youth • Older population • First Nations Peoples • Rural and Remote populations 1. Children and Youth INJURY PREVENTION 3  Injury is the leading cause of death among children (over one) and adolescents  7 of every 10 deaths among people ages 15-24 are injury related  In Canada more young lives between ages 10-34 are lost to injury than to all other causes of death  2. Older People (65+)  Account for only 13% of the population but 23% of all deaths and hospitalizations due to injury  In 2031 they will account for 24% of the population and 35% of injury deaths and hospitalizations 3. First Nation Populations > High risk for Injury and poisoning 4. Rural and Remote Populations  Injury mortality is higher in rural area  The more rural the setting the higher  Close to 40% of all MVSs Causes of Injury • Mechanical/kinetic energy o Falls, MVC, assaults • Thermal Energy o Burns, scalds • Electrical energy o Lightning strikes, electrocution from wiring • Chemical energy o Corrosion, poisoning • Radiation
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