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NURS 1030 Lecture Notes - Prolongation, Double Bind, Major Depressive Disorder

Course Code
NURS 1030
Heather Helpard

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Family Ties, Transitions and Challenges
What is a Family?
Duvall’s Family Life Cycle
Married Couples (no children)
Childbearing Families
Families with Preschool Children
Families with School Children
Families with Teenagers (oldest child, 13-20)
Families Launching Young Adults
Middle Aged Parents
Aging Family Members
Criticisms of Family Development and Life Cycle Models
Variations in Family Resulting From Individual, Cultural and Sociohistorical Differences in Family
Increases in Life Expectancy
Changes in Age of Marriage and Childbearing
Vertical Family Structures and Generational Acceleration
Middle Generation Squeeze

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Characteristics of Marriage Trends
Majority of North Americans Marry Once (Median Age is Highest in History)
Traditional or Egalitarian Marriage
Alternative Unions
Married People Tend to Be Happier
A Decline in Negative Marital Feelings with Time
Increasing Divorce Rates with Remarriage and the Step Family
Sternberg’s Relationship Theory
Passionate Love: Intense emotion, sexual feelings, absorption in each other and companionate
is warm, trusting affection. (This replaces passionate loves. Intimacy, sharing, warmth and
closeness and commitment which is the intent to maintain the relationship. Changes from
recreational to a working relationship.
Companionate Love (Intimacy and Commitment)
Theorizes That a Newly Married Couple Finds the Transition from Passionate Love to
Compassionate Love Difficult
Correlates of High Marital Satisfaction
Affectionate and Enjoyable Personal Relations
Good Parental Role Models
Acceptance of Conflict
Homogeneous Personalities
Agreement on Marital Gender Roles
Low Levels of Stress
Good Coping Mechanisms
Sexual Satisfaction

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The Average Fertility Rate is 2 children Per Couple
Birth of a First Child is a Major Family Transition
More is Known About the Transition and Later Stages of Parenthood
Maternal and Parental Roles are Changing
- Changing roles: shifts in work and family roles: full time motherhood is no longer the norm;
more than 60% of women work outside the home; fathers balance between work and
children. New fathers are present in delivery room; hands on care: do little for expectant
fathers; double bind be involved but be treated as outsiders.
Middle Adulthood Challenges (Empty Nest)
Couples are waiting longer to have children: The number of childless women 40-44 has almost
doubled. Career choices; delay of parenthood and loss of fertility. Affects definition of self,
relationships with other and lifestyle. Generativity and gender role behavior: Dyad to triad:
Trend for delayed parenthood: increasing numbers of women are having their first baby over
35. . As long as mother’s health is good, increased risks can be minimized. Problems are the
rates of infertility. The plus side they are emotionally mature; self confident, more financially
stable better with discipline and more involved with kids. Ripple effects; late may delay
relationships with grandparents.
Positive experience; can be a source of great stress: more stress and less well being. Increase in
workload: changes in strucutre: spouse compete with attention with the baby: Increased
workload less time with husband. Traditional shift of roles after baby born. Social life will
change. Recreation now found at home.
Down spiral of satisfaction after baby. Vulnerable , inadequate and depressed and positive
feelings towards husband decline. . . Baby more positive over time.
Middle years of parenthood: Renegotiate relationship with adult children: : care and
dependency on children.
Intergenerational Ties
90% of North American Adult Children Report Being Close or Very Close with Parents.
Older Adults Prefer Not to Live with Adult Children
Women are Likely to Have Closer Relationships in Families
Grandparenting Roles Have Changed
Sibling Relationships Become More Important with Age
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