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PHIL 2170 Lecture Notes - Intentionality

Course Code
PHIL 2170
Samantha Copeland

of 2
January 12, 2011
There is a difference between how we feel emotions and how we express them.
Paternal love – agape – equated to Christian love; love despite qualities. Halwani
– puts paternal love in Philia. However: in the case of adoption, a parent can love
a child that isn’t her own. Does God love us in the way parents love children, or
love us just because we’re people, his creations?
“Love is an Emotion”
Halwani is trying to prove true – show what love is, what emotion is, how they’re the
Counterarguments from “Love”
Love is a virtue (p.16) – no, because virtues are character traits, and virtues are
inherently moral, whereas love is not a character trait and it can be either moral
or immoral.
Factors in determining morality: methods, who is loved, etc.
oAbility to love may be a character trait, but people who love aren’t
necessarily better people because they love
oOpposite of virtue – ‘vice’ – virtues make people better (i.e. being
patients) whereas vices demoralize people (i.e. prostitution)
Love is a set of desires (p.14-15)
oA set of desires is neither a sufficient description of love (there is more to
it) nor a necessary option (we can describe love as an emotion instead).
If you came up with a ‘full set of desires’, there would still be
more to add
Other kinds of love, maybe even friendship, could filter in, but
there would still be something missing
Counterarguments from “Emotion”
Emotions are property-dependent (p.13) – Love continues (is constant) even when
the properties of the beloved change
oIntentionality – to be about something
oBut, it is not true that no emotions remain constant through change:
bitterness, resentment, grief, fear (p.13-14) [ex. Still be resentful towards a
friend for something they did, even though they apologized]
Emotions are intentional (p.14-15)
oLove seems not be based on beliefs, because it is constant even when the
lover’s beliefs about the beloved change or are no longer held
oUnlike emotions which are attached to belief, love can be separated
oBut, new beliefs can ground love, too, they don’t have to stay the same to
love; also, emotions may be about thoughts or desires as much as about
beliefs (p.14-15)
Emotions are felt (p.15)
oLove is not always felt with intensity like emotions are
oBut, neither are other long-term emotions, like hate, or sorrow
oEx. You can hate there someone their whole life, but you won’t sit around
hating that person every second of every day