Essays: no outside readings; 5 pages; explain then criticize; here"s the problem we"re concerned with explain the author"s position; show how they show it; show what you want to talk about by way of what they did. Of the paper should be the argument you"re tearing apart. Style no big fancy words, jokes, profanity, etc. Write like you"re trying to explain to a retard (small words, sentences, etc. ). Footnotes use on occasions when the reader would find your explanation controversial. If an idea came up in class, footnote it. Invented common sense philosophy and ordinary language philosophy; analytical philosophy. Told it was not proven the external world exists. There needs to be a subject, and something other than me for me to experience. The object of experience causes you to have an experience. Mere fact that you have an experience proves the existence of time.