Class Notes (836,361)
Canada (509,755)
POLI 3311 (5)
Lecture

Women and Development

4 Pages
92 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 3311
Professor
Peter Arthur
Semester
Fall

Description
Wednesday, October 12, 2011 Women and Development: - Four conditions of African women: - Overall political and economic conditions in African make life difficult for women and men but women are doubly oppressed - African societies and gender roles are highly diverse (difficult to generalize) - Class as well as gender influence status of women - Treatment of women in African reflects indigenous, pre-colonial and European influences - Gordon suggests trajectory that women will lose status in sub-Saharan societies, subordination will continue unless women make a concerted effort to change the status quo - Imposition of European patriarchy in the former colonized regions of Africa is largely responsible for modern say subordination of Africa - Precolonial history of sub-Saharan African is ambiguous, little written records - Modern historical accounts are often generalized and inaccurate - Women in pre-colonial Africa were producers, respected as child-bearers, greater autonomy; respected for contributions to society - Colonial Legacy: European imposition of patriarchy, commercialization of agriculture served as a detriment to women, women remaining the in rural regions growing food crops, while men went to the towns to farm commercially - African gender relations were disrupted to assist European endeavors - Women suffered economically and politically under colonization, and this continues today - Post Independence Period: - Social structure imposed by colonies continue in Africa - Independent African nations are largely modeled on their “colonial predecessors” - Gender roles based on the European model - Women lack legal rights Women in Nigeria (Agbalajobi): - Women make up half of Nigerian population - Not given recognition and largely discriminated against - Very prevalent in politics, women excluded and underrepresented Reasons for discrimination: - Cultural beliefs, religious/traditional practices, patriarchy - Culture creating gender - Colonialism; introduced Western male superiority, social structure - Patriarchy - Physical and biological differences - Low level of political interest, knowledge and activity; due to education/knowledge Further Problems: Wednesday, October 12, 2011 - Assumes no barriers to women’s participation - Women are not aware of their rights and the rules protecting these rights - If women were aware of their under-representation in government, they would be more likely to vote for women running for office Existing System - Democracy an elusive concept - Participation vs Representation - Chapman (1993): When women compete with men for access to polticial power, they do so on the terms already established by men for competition among themselves (76) - The success of women cannot be achieved within a system without displacing of replacing the existing elite (76) Nigerian Politics - 1979 Nigerian constitution guaranteed rights of women to participate in government - But did not ensure equal representation - In practice much discrimination and few women - Nigerian politics turbulent, forceful, violent Factors Against Women - Do what men do to succeed - Money for political campaigns - Social expectations for women Possible Solutions - Affirmative action - Women’s groups, women’s empowerment groups - Form of Nigerian Women in Politics - UN declarations and conventions - CEDAW - International bill of rights for women - Beijing Conference 1995 - Quotas, education - Support networks and prospective role models - Building a coalition of NGOs and grassroots women associations Current Status of Women in Nigeria
More Less

Related notes for POLI 3311

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit