Poli Sci 2300- China

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Published on 27 Sep 2011
School
Dalhousie University
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 2300X
Professor
Friday, October 22, 2010
China
Mao faction – prevailed, launched the Cultural Revolution (1966), Mao dies in 1976
Pragmatic faction (Deng Xiao Peng) – believed that some policies from Mao would send
China backwards in the economy. Deng accused of being capitalist
Great Leap Forward – During the GLF the economic prowess that China hoped to
obtain did not materialize
Failure – but to shift focus away accused opposition of capitalism
Student Groups – ‘Red Guards”
Education
Fields for reeducation
Peasants
How successful was the Cultural Revolution?
oMao had to bring control to the activities of the Red Guards
oWhat the Red Guards were doing wasn’t realistic
oPragmatics gained sympathies from the actions of the Red Guards
oPitted the pragmatists against the revolutionaries
After Mao passes away (1976), Deng takes power
1978 – Pragmatists take power – modernization era of China
Deng wanted to demystify the ‘Cult of Personality’ built around Mao
Centralize/Authoritarian/Bureaucracy
Types of policies assumed called for technocrats
Deng began the ‘Four Moderizations’
oScience and Technology
oIndustry
oAgriculture
oNational defence
Deng believed by following these 4 policies would allow China to compete with
the West
Introduced free market ideas (“5 Modernizations?”
oDeng believed he was building socialism with economic reforms (unique
Chinese characteristics)
oRadical departure
2001 – China becomes a member of the WTO. Significance?
Adopt policies that are consistent with the WTO
Free trade, labour standards, do away with subsidies, protests, traditional Chinese
policies need to change
Inequalities?
oRich getting richer, poor stay the same
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Document Summary

Mao faction prevailed, launched the cultural revolution (1966), mao dies in 1976. Pragmatic faction (deng xiao peng) believed that some policies from mao would send. Great leap forward during the glf the economic prowess that china hoped to obtain did not materialize. Failure but to shift focus away accused opposition of capitalism. After mao passes away (1976), deng takes power. 1978 pragmatists take power modernization era of china. Deng wanted to demystify the cult of personality" built around mao. Centralize/authoritarian/bureaucracy: types of policies assumed called for technocrats, deng began the four moderizations", science and technology, industry, agriculture, national defence, deng believed by following these 4 policies would allow china to compete with the west. Introduced free market ideas ( 5 modernizations? : deng believed he was building socialism with economic reforms (unique, radical departure. 2001 china becomes a member of the wto.