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Poli Sci 2300- India

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2300X
Peter Arthur

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Adopted a policy of social democracy
Industries nationalized, insurance
Seen as an internationalist of foreign policy non-aligned in Cold War
Nehru -
1962 – India defeated by China in a boarder dispute – military a key aspect in its foreign
Shastri – dies, Nehru’s daughter Indira Gandhi takes over as Prime Minister
Why did Gandhi take over?
Gender equity
Play off her fathers name – name recognition
“Seen as a woman” – because she was perceived as a woman she could easily be
India has male patriarchal ideals
4 Major Issues/Developments
Politics became less institutionalized and more populist in nature
oPoverty alleviation
oIndia intervened in East Pakistan – became Bangladesh in 1971
Power became more centralized – Why?
oMore control – a lot of states
oTrusted cohorts and people
oLed to poor party discipline – infighting
oIndian congress resented her controlling everything
Economic inequalities – poverty alleviation not achieved
oDuring her reign 50%of national wealth was controlled by 20% of the
oNothing concrete took place during her reign
Reigned marked by turbulence and fighting – felt that the centralization of power
had made her corrupt
oOpposition parties called for a mutiny
Declared a state of emergency in 1975, until 1977
Used military to enforce
Political rights evoked
1978 – Janata Party – opposed Indian National Congress
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