Poli Sci 2300- Japan

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Friday, October 15, 2010
Japan
Political Organization
Political System
Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Emperor is merely a symbol of national unity
Regime history:
Current constitution promulgated in 1946 and in effect since 1947
Administrative structure:
Unitary state
47 units of intermediate-level sub-national government (prefectures)
1790 lower-level units designated as city, town or village
Executive:
PM selected by legislature
Cabinet appointed by the PM
Legislature:
Bicameral
Upper House (House of Councilors) has 242 members
Half elected every 3 years
146 elected from multiple-seat prefecture-wide districts
96 elected nationally by a party list proportional representation method
Lower House (House of Representatives)
480 members elected for 4-year terms
300 members elected from single-seat constituencies
180 elected from party list proportional representation from eleven regional
electoral districts
Judiciary
Supreme Court has 15 judges appointed by the cabinet
Chief Justice nominated by cabinet appointed by the Emperor
Serve until 70 years old, subject to popular review
Party System
One party dominant (Liberal Democratic Party)
More competitive since 1990’s
Major parties:
oDemocratic Party of Japan
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