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Lecture

Nigeria


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2300X
Professor
Peter Arthur

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Nigeria - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nigeria#Recent_history
Macroeconomic level – doing better
Microlevel – inequalities
17 member political bureau created by Babangida – insisted two political parties would
form – right of centre and left of centre – way to do away with political cleavages
1990 – local elections – first part of transition
1991 – elections to elected governors for 36 states
1993 – presidential elections held – left of centre party won
Abiola – Muslim (Yoruba) won the election – Babangida refused to hand over power to
an interim administration headed by Ernest Shonekan
Another military coup headed by Sani Abacha – ruled a military dictatorship
Economic policies –
Political activities – Imprisoned Abiola for treasonable offence, Obasanjo/ Wole
Soyinka arrested and charged with treason. Executed Ken Saro Wiwa.
Ogoni area of Nigeria – known for oil
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP)
Consequences of Abacha’s rule: Sanctions
Nigeria suspended from the Commonwealth
Visas
Military
Abacha died of a heart attack
1999 – Democratic elections – Obasanjo wins 1999 – 2007, 2007 – 2010 then died
Presently – Goodluck Jonathan
War on corruption
Military leaders from previous regimes were forcibly retired
Speaker of previous parliament sacked for corruption
Civil service restructured
NEPAD – New Partnership for Africa’s Development – economic development
model – promote good governance
Ensured oil revenue increased from 3% to 13%
Instrumental in ensuring Shell invested in oil producing areas – encouraged
Corporate Social Responsibility
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