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POLI 2300X Lecture Notes - African National Congress

Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2300X
Peter Arthur

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South Africa 17/11/2010 10:34:00
Colonial history of South Africa – Dutch came in 1652. Transit point (Cape of
Good Hope) – wanted to go to Asia, Indonesia
Dutch East Indian Trading Company
Initiatives from Dutch – migration, took slaves. Indigenous peoples
when Dutch arrived – Sans, Khois. Introduction of small pox in 1812 –
almost wiped out the indigenous people.
British became involved – 1806 – Britain was the dominant power in
the Cape region. British seen as more ‘friendly’ when dealing with natives.
Under pressure from Evangelicals – ‘Ordinance 50’ (1828) – a softer version
of racism. Engaged in mass immigration from Britain to South Africa – social
rejects sent off
As a result of British presence, the Dutch moved further north. 1838 –
War of Blood River. Met the Zulus and Xhosas – felt the Dutch were going to
take over their land.
Felt the land was a ‘God-given right’ – Ability to hold land in the face
of adversity
1868 – Discovery of diamonds
1886 – Discovery of gold
Dutch needed labour to be able to mine. Controversy between
Cecil Rhodes became involved – Rhode scholarship. Felt Britain should
dominate. “Shouldn’t just live in the Cape region” – Dutch didn’t take kindly
to British advancement.
Boers War – 1898 – 1903. Indigenous people supported British
because of the 50th Ordinance. British prevailed – Union of South Africa
formed in 1910 after the war ended
Toll Tax/Head Tax – Get labour – move the indigenous people away
from their families to work in the mines
Land Laws passed in 1913 – 6% was given to the black population of
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1920’s, 1930’s – increased to 13% - Even though the Apartheid hadn’t
started – this is evidence that the indigenous people were being
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