Poli Sci 2300 - Political Culture

53 views4 pages
Published on 27 Sep 2011
School
Dalhousie University
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 2300Y
Professor
Wednesday, January 5, 2011
Political Culture
Has some aspect of stereotyping going on. Can’t classify every environment as behaving
in a certain way, part of a subdivision (etc. Going to Quebec – different political ideas
than the rest of Canada)
No evidence = bigotry, negative stereotypes
What is political culture?
The beliefs, values, norms, morals that people have towards the political
system in a political environment.
Subjective and psychological in nature – not quantitative, subject to opinion and change.
Based on what people believe – but what people believe isn’t actually what takes place.
Ultimately, we may believe something but it may not actually be what takes place (ex.
Americans are loud, Canadians are patriotic – we are just people, doesn’t speak for
everyone)
Subject to change, dynamic, not static – Political transformation (ex. Soviet Union going
from authoritarian to more democratic, Japan – totalitarianism to democracy)
What does political culture explain?
The level of legitimacy of a government – Properly elected, fair elections, what the people
what, people accept, internationally recognized. The degree to which rules are regulations
are followed (especially elections). Ex. The Apartheid in South Africa – government was
seen as illegitimate. People often find alternatives to challenge the government
(violence). Couldn’t establish change through peaceful means – needed violent
revolution.
The level of participation of people in a society – (The Civic Culture – Almond & Verba)
identifies 3 main political cultures:
1. Participant political culture – Political participation greater in democracies
(found in Canada, US, Britain). Conclusion can be extended to liberal
democracies. Can be ethnocentric – paints a rosy picture of political participation
in liberal democracies. There’s a limit to political culture – certain checks need to
be put in place (ex. G20 Summit in Toronto)
2. Subject political culture – Citizens are aware of what goes on in political realms.
Unlike 1. Where individuals believe they can affect change, 2. Believes “Why
bother? Everything has been predetermined – wouldn’t affect change.” Role
doesn’t affect government decisions. Ex. China – supposed to participate, but
through the CCP.
3. Parochial political culture – Individuals have no idea what’s actually going on.
Some people don’t know what elections are, etc. (Ex. Burma).
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Document Summary

Can"t classify every environment as behaving in a certain way, part of a subdivision (etc. Going to quebec different political ideas than the rest of canada) The beliefs, values, norms, morals that people have towards the political system in a political environment. Subjective and psychological in nature not quantitative, subject to opinion and change. Based on what people believe but what people believe isn"t actually what takes place. Ultimately, we may believe something but it may not actually be what takes place (ex. Americans are loud, canadians are patriotic we are just people, doesn"t speak for everyone) Subject to change, dynamic, not static political transformation (ex. Soviet union going from authoritarian to more democratic, japan totalitarianism to democracy) The level of legitimacy of a government properly elected, fair elections, what the people what, people accept, internationally recognized. The degree to which rules are regulations are followed (especially elections). The apartheid in south africa government was seen as illegitimate.

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