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Lecture

Poli Sci 2300 - Electoral Parties/Voting in the Developing World


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 2300Y
Professor
Peter Arthur

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Wednesday, March 2, 2011
Electoral Parties and Voting in the Developing World
Why bother to vote?
Grants legitimacy to a government – can say they have the peoples’ support
Empowers the government
International recognition
Elections and voting express the will of the people – in authoritatian governments
elections are a charade (ex. Saddam INSANE)
Why do people vote the way they do?
Social, economic, religious values
Parents
Retrospective voting
Strategy voting –
Elections are a means by which the government is used to impose their will upon
voters
What determines an election being free and fair?
No intimidation
Internationally recognized
Independence of the electoral commission – not associated with any particular
group or position
Non-partisanship – no ideology, doesn’t care who wins the election. As long as
everyone has an equal chance
Professionalism of the agencies involved –
Integrity of the process –
South Africa
Developed the proportional representation form of electoral process – a way of
accommodating minority groups
China
Democratic centralization principle
Mass line principle?
India
First past the post system – take place over the period of 2-3 weeks
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