POLI 3311 Lecture Notes - Atlantic Slave Trade, Subsistence Economy, Dependency Theory

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Nature of Africa:
-Kingdoms
-Contact with other parts of the world (trade routes)
-Rural than urban
-Ethnic: Ethnicity was fluid - weren’t strict identities; malleable
-Religion: Islam, traditional religions
-Gender: women had more political rights; introduction of European patriarchal society
changed that
-Categories: cattle farmers, hunters/gatherers, fishing communities, urban areas
Homelands Act (South Africa) - each ethnicity would get their own homeland
Europeans:
-first contact around 1471 by the Portuguese
-1502 - Atlantic slave trade - 1807, abolition of slavery
-Slavery replaced by legitimate commerce; more profitable to trade with Africans than
dealing in the slave trade; Enlightenment values
-1884-1885 - “Scramble for Africa”/Berlin Conference
Consequences of Colonialism:
-Brought it into the world economy
-Primary products (promotion of primary products; imported manufactured items)
-Subordinate partners, which contributed to underdevelopment
-Subsistence economy
-Export-driven infrastructure; not built out of good will but to help their export driven
economy
-Local entrepreneurial class; absence after colonialism - state takes on the role of
entrepreneur. Needs capital to start up in the first place
-Became a ‘dumping ground’ market
Dependency Theory -
Political:
-Lack of leadership
-Artificial state (indirect rule)
-Authoritarian state - people imbibing respect for authority
-Patriarchy - women lacking a political and economic role
-Military
-Drew borders
Social:
-Tension: social mobility
-Social groups
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