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The life-span perspective

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Dalhousie University
PSYO 2090

January 7th (Lecture 1) Development: Systematic changes and continuities that occur in an individual There is an order of progression for certain thinks, like cognitive development and physical development Conception to death (womb to the tomb) During the lifespan of human development We share common aspects of development We also have unique developmental experiences Example: Pope John Paul II and Charles Manson (serial killer). Both are very different, but what aspects of these two men's development would be similar? They both learned to walk and talk around the same time (systematic order) Motorbility Puberty (both males). Males who develop early are better at socializing compared to males who develop late. Time of puberty affects social abilities Theory of mind: the ability to take on someone else's perspective What are the differences between these 2 men? Charles Manson kills people while the pope helps people Manson's teenage mom was a prostitute, was constantly beaten and in and out of juvy systems --> experienced childhood trauma Differences are through experience Process underlying change Maturation: biological unfolding similar across species. Roll over, drawing, up right position, walking Learning: Experiential influences Environment Individualistic experiences Development: 3 levels Biological Cognitive Socioemotional Biological (physical) development Genetic influence (at time of conception) Ex.A person with depression may have a family history of depression Growth of the body (i.e. Childhood) Sexual maturation and growth spurt in adolescence Physical signs of aging Gains and loses of motor abilities Cognitive development Changes in mental processes such as: Perception: and interpretation of what we see Learning Thought Intelligence Socioemotional (psychosocial) development Changes in personal and interpersonal development such as: Motives and emotions Personality traits Interpersonal skills Relationships (roles in the family and society) Can you predict the course of this boy's development? Grew up in a single parent home Mother married a bit later to an abusive and alcoholic stepfather. They had another child and it was abused too How well adjusted is the boy likely to be as an adult Is he likely to abuse alcohol Is he likely to abuse his children Stepbrother Substance abuse Charged with aggravated assault Served time in prison Very similar to his biological father Boy Rhodes scholar Lawyer State governor Present of the US (Bill Clinton) January 9th (Lecture 2) Assignment 1 - question 1 Human development Physical (biological) Cognitive (psychological) Socio-emotional (social) Bio-psycho-social development Bill Clinton -- How did he develop into a charismatic leader?, He may have hated his step-father and went in the opposite direction or his genes were dry much like his real father Chapter 1 - Human development Early perspective: Very little development after childhood. Some people believe that the first 5 years of your life are the most crucial while others believe differently (early perspective). Different philosophical outlooks on nature of (child) development Original sin: Born into the world as evil beings; salvation through child rearing practices Tabula rasa (blank slate): John Locke -- Children acquire characteristics through experience Innate goodness view: Rousseau -- children are basically good and grow naturally without many restrictions Development isn't the same throughout all of childhood Started to subdivide child development into 2 sub- divisions: Infancy and childhood. They then subdivided childhood into early, middle and late Infancy: Usually the first 18-24 months After is early childhood and then age 6 is school age. Next they inserted the term toddler between infancy and childhood Studying adolescent development Began early 20th century Stanley Hall: "father" of developmental psychology Adolescence: "turbulent time change with conflict and mood swings" highly influential Adulthood Early adulthood: formation of relationships, careers Middle age adulthood: parents/family development Late adulthood: looking at overall life and what you accomplished Young old Old old Gerontology: study of aging Current perspective: Development occurs throughout lifespan
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