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Lecture 3

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PSYO 3280
Dr.Simon Sherry

Friday, Sept. 14 2012 PSYO 3280 Personality Psychology Characterology Continued 3. Physiognomy 4. Phenology Physiognomy → Appearance (esp. face) is an indicator of a persons personality → Ancient (Aristotle) - Human-animal resemblance  Have certain similarities in appearance  For example, if a person resembles a bird, they may have more pointed features and are viewed as being more delicate - Racial typology  Attributing certain characteristics to a whole race  Also based on stereotypes and prejudices - Emotion is a result of facial musculature  For example, if your a happy person and display the emotion often it will affect your physical structure such as the smile lines that appear on your face → Kretschmer (1921) - Tall, slender (schizothymic) = introvert, idealist, romantic - Round, heavier, shorter (cychothymic) = jovial, extrovert, realistic, objective  Could argue that your body type limits or enables you to engage in certain types of behaviours  For example, someone who is slender does not have the physical appearance to engage in “rough and tumble” activity → William Sheldon (1898 – 1977) - Argued for the different body types  Mesomorph 171 (strong, sturdy, muscular),  Endomorph 711 (chubby, fat)  Ectomorph 117 (delicate, slender)  Average somatotype 333-444 (combination of all three)  Numbers indicate the range of which body type the body falls into  Can plot the different numbers on the same meso-endo-ecto triangle - Also gave animalistic descriptions to body
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