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Lecture 4

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PSYO 3280
Dr.Simon Sherry

Monday, Sept. 17 2012 PSYO 3280 Personality Psychology Barresi, On Becoming a Person → Paper is his criteria of what constitutes a person - Barresi to discuss what makes a person a person / under what circumstances should we attribute to something the characteristic person or personhood and gives a number of criteria to the term person, and it is not just that we are human beings. 1. Constructed from organic material (p. 83) → Computers/robots might be functionally equivalent, but lack consciousness (“zombies”) - Describes Kasparov’s take on playing “Deep Blue,” the chess playing computer  Said it was hard for him to play a computer that was like “playing against another person” due to its vast library of moves and ability to “think about” and “rationalize” future chess moves  Although the computer did play in an “unhuman” manner because he had to defeat the computer by playing chess moves that do not necessarily make sense  Barresi states the computer lacks “awareness” of the other person, and it is “behaving like a zombie... acting like a human but lacks consciousness” → Turing test: behavioural equivalence ≠ person (cf. Searle’s Chinese room) - Famous test that Allan Turing developed for a machine being given intelligence and behaving like a person - Would get someone to ask, blindly, questions to a computer and a person, and would determine based on the responses which is actually a person - Searle’s Chinese room  Computers are based on “rules,” → How does consciousness and self-consciousness emerge from organic matter? 2. Result of evolutionary adaptation → Complex social life - cooperation/competition brain size → Representational theory of mind - Third-person perspective (See self in third person)  Able to see ourselves as “he or she” other than “I”  We are able to see ourselves as objects, we can understand how people feel about us and our actions - Represent absent/counterfactual objects (past and future)  Able to think about things, in our mind, that are absent, or aren’t the
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