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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 Sept. 26.docx

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Dalhousie University
PSYO 3280
Dr.Simon Sherry

Wednesday, Sept. 26 2012 PSYO 3280 Personality Psychology Costa & McCrae’s Big Five → These are the big five traits - McAdams’ big five was different Trait Description Curious, original, intellectual, creative and open O penness to new ideas Conscientiousness Organized, systematic, punctual, achievement oriented, and dependable E xtraversion Outgoing, talkative, sociable, and enjoys being in social situations A greeableness Affable, tolerant, sensitive, trusting, kind, and warm Anxious, irritable, temperamental, and moody N euroticism A New Big Five (McAdams & Pals, 2006) → New Big five ≠ OCEAN Big Five - Introducing a new framework of understanding personality → Five principles give outline of how to make psychological sense of individual human life 1. Evolution and human nature 2. Dispositional signature (traits) 3. Characteristic adaptations 4. Life narratives and modern identity 5. Role of culture → Textbooks: no overarching conception - Feels all textbooks falls into these two categories: 1. Parade of grand, irreconcilable theories - Textbooks are organized to list theories by such and such psychologist in a broad, non integrative way 2. Research topics and issues - Topic is broken up into discrete ways of doing things comprised of research topics and questions → Personality psychology’s mission: provide an integrative framework for understanding the whole person – the whole person includes the uniqueness of each person - Species-typical characteristics (like all others) - Individual differences (like some others) - Unique patterning (like no others) 1. Evolution and Human Nature → First principle: General evolutionary design, human nature - We are all biological entities. Evolution has made us who we are and some of what we are in because of evolution which is what makes us different from other species, but this causes what different people do to seem similar. → Similarity of all persons results from evolution - Contrasts with Freud, Rogers/Maslow, behaviourists - Sheldon (2004) 1. Physical needs: Nutrition, water, oxygen - Evolution has made it so that you have to do these things to survive as a human 2. Social-cognitive: Sensitivity to cheaters, classify in-and out-group, decode facial expressions - We seem to automatically see people as belonging or not. - The ability to decode facial expressions is adaptive 3. Psychological needs: autonomy, relatedness 4. Sociocultural practices: Religion, animal domestication - People seem to have some type of questioni
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