PSYO 1012 Lecture 11: Emotions

42 views9 pages
7 Feb 2016
Department
Course
Thursday, February 4, 2016
Emotions
Defining Emotion
-the brief, acute changes in conscious experience and physiology
-these occur generally in response to a personally meaningful situation
-an example would be you saying, “I am angry right now”
Types of Affect
-“affect” is a synonym for emotions in the world of psychology
-mood: the affective states that operate in the background of consciousness
these tend to be longer that most emotions
if you are in a “mood” all day it is when you are feeling an emotion for a long period
of time
-affective traits: the stable predispositions towards certain types of emotional
response (your tendency to carry out a certain emotion more that another)
for example, some people may be more short tempered than others, therefore their
affective trait would be anger
Basic versus Self-Conscious Emotions
-Basic emotions: emotions that are thought to be felt across cultures in both humans
and animals, otherwise, the hard wired emotions
-even dogs feel these emotions
-there are 6 in total:
anger
disgust
fear
1
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Thursday, February 4, 2016
happiness
sadness
surprise
-Self-conscious emotions: these are the emotions that are more closely related to the
human function of having a self and being aware of how others receive you
-these emotions are carried out based on culture
-there are 5 in total:
embarrassment
guilt
humiliation
pride
shame
The 2 Dimensional Model of Emotion
-in the form of a circle, divided into 4 parts
-on top is high arousal, on the botton there is low arousal
-on left is displeasure and on the right is pleasure, this can also be referred to as
negative affect and positive affect
-there is an array of emotions in each section (high arousal/pleasure, low arousal/
pleasure, low arousal/displeasure, high arousal/displeasure)
-an example of each of these can be (delighted, relaxed, depressed, angry)
Components of Emotion
-emotions have 4 different components: cognitive, physiological, behavioural and
subjective changes
2
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Thursday, February 4, 2016
-the order of these are not entirely clear, one may effect the others but generally the
order goes:
antecedent event
appraisal (trigger for correct emotion based on event and connection to it/cognitive)
emotional response
psychological changes, behavioural/expressive changes and subjective changes
-the psychological changes can actually go in a cycle and end up causing the
appraisal rather than being a result of it
-for example, the tightening in your stomach, could be taken as fear or desire
depending on the presence of some things
Antecedent Event
-this is a situation that may lead to an emotional response (does not necessarily)
-the response could be caused by an external or an internal stimuli
-for example, a growling bear would be an external stimuli, where as anxiety or nerves
from an exam would be an internal stimuli
-based on previous experiences, our current emotional experiences can be affected
-we can learn whether to and how to react to certain events
Cognitive Component
-cognitive appraisals: the interpretations and meanings attached to a sensor stimuli
these are involved in every aspect of emotion
-different appraisals can result in different behaviours (reactions)
-our appraisals greatly influence our expressions and actions
-for example, if a friend who you joke around with insults you versus if a stranger
insulted you
3
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class