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Lecture 6

PSYO 3161 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Zahed, Ad Libitum

Course Code
PSYO 3161

of 1
Psychology/Neuroscience 3161.03 F
Measuring Behaviour
Study Questions Class 6
1. Name and describe the four sampling rules discussed by Martin and Bateson. (4)
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using:
a. Ad libitum sampling (2)
b. Focal animal sampling (2)
c. Scan sampling (2)
d. Event sampling (2)
3. Use a sociometric matrix to summarize the following data on aggressive behaviour in 3
male rats: A bites B 3 times; B bites A 4 times and C 6 times; C bites A once. All other
scores are zero. Who is most and least aggressive? Why? (6).
4. How are the following terms defined? (4)
a. Latency
b. Frequency
c. Duration
d. Intensity
5. What is the difference between an even and a state? Give an example to illustrate your
point. (3)
6. What is the difference between a continuous event record, one-zero sampling and
instantaneous sampling of the same behaviour? (3)
7. What are the advantages and disadvantages of
a. one-zero sampling? (2)
b. instantaneous sampling? (2)
8. According to Zinner et al (1997), for the observation of baboon behaviour:
a. When should you use one-zero sampling? (2)
b. When should you use instantaneous sampling ? (2)
c. When should you use all occurrence recording? (2)
9. According to Zahed et al (2008), how was instantaneous scan sampling used to study
parental behaviour in marmoset monkeys? (4)
10. What are the advantages and disadvantages of:
a. Check sheets? (2)
b. Event recorders? (2)