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Lecture

PSYO 3280 Lecture Notes - Walrus, Nasolabial Fold, Physiognomy


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYO 3280
Professor
Dr.Simon Sherry

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Friday, Sept. 14 2012
PSYO 3280
Personality Psychology
Characterology Continued
3. Physiognomy
4. Phenology
Physiognomy
Appearance (esp. face) is an indicator of a persons personality
Ancient (Aristotle)
- Human-animal resemblance
Have certain similarities in appearance
For example, if a person resembles a bird, they may have more pointed
features and are viewed as being more delicate
- Racial typology
Attributing certain characteristics to a whole race
Also based on stereotypes and prejudices
- Emotion is a result of facial musculature
For example, if your a happy person and display the emotion often it will
affect your physical structure such as the smile lines that appear on your
face
Kretschmer (1921)
- Tall, slender (schizothymic) = introvert, idealist, romantic
- Round, heavier, shorter (cychothymic) = jovial, extrovert, realistic, objective
Could argue that your body type limits or enables you to engage in certain
types of behaviours
For example, someone who is slender does not have the physical appearance
to engage in “rough and tumble” activity
William Sheldon (1898 1977)
- Argued for the different body types
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