Tuesday, March 11, y
- Hermes gives Apollo the lyre after charming him with songs. The lyre is the
combination of the Olympian cleverness and the chthonic nature (tortoise).
A lot in common between Hermes and Odysseus.
There’s something in the tone of the device that pierces through Apollo's heart. His
first reaction is laughter, which is a kind of relaxation, and relief which softens him
towards the lyre. Can be compared to the Hymn to Demeter when she is told jokes
and begins to laugh.
Hermes sings of the story of the cosmos and how it came to be. Hermes is affirming
his power to express Zeus' order and find his place in it.
Apollo gives the gift of cattle to Hermes
- Originate in the 6th century or as late as the 5th century
- The Homeric poems were written between 800 and 600 BCE. Reflected a world view
that is the contemporary and a much older reality in that they take their historical
beginnings back to the Mycenaean era. We see huge developments that move the
Greek past the dark ages. This archaic period saw the rise of an Aristocracy, greater
material wealth, colonization, and also see the development of typical form of
community that the Greeks call the polis.
- The immediate backdrop of these plays is the Persian Wars. For the Classical Greek
mind, the empire of Persia epitomized the form of government that had stretched
back to the beginning of civilization in the Fertile Crescent. The idea that citizens
found their highest good, learned how to be human by relating with fellow citizens,
gods and nature. Which was