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Lecture 5

PSY302 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Homosociality, Where We Are, Homophily

16 pages67 viewsFall 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY302
Professor
Adam Fikis
Lecture
5

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10/7/2016 7:11:00 PM
Social culture and social structure effect things. Culture also effects, but
when think of culture we see 1)belief, 2) cultural tightness has a lot in
common with conformity. Tight cultures are not open to deviance. Open
cultures are more open minded
Tight cultures: less likely to promote women as leaders, unless those norms
suppoer opportunity for both genders.
-Tigher cultures make ppl more resistant to chaging traditionally held
practices, such as always promoting men.
ex. in neuzeland, there was a higher female leadership compared to tight
cultures as pakistand.
Cultural tightness is advantageous too. Ex. Norways also emphasized
cultural equality, tightness thus helps to promote women.
-explains why a calling company has more success of hiring and promoting
women than in Germany, which has cultural tightness.
SOC 362 SEX, GENDER, & WORK
Session #5 -- ORGANIZATIONS
Readings:
Reeves: ch. 4
Fox: myth 1, myth 3
“Land of the Wasted Talent”
MEDIA ITEM
WHERE WE ARE
TODAY’S ISSUE
Today’s Objectives: Know…
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Trends in women as senior managers and other managers
The two promotion models & how they affect women
The glass ceiling effect and its causes
Rosabeth Kanter’s contribution
Organizational causes of lower female promotion rates
The components of organization gender culture
The “career interruptions” issue
Terms to Know
authority problem
glass ceiling
promotion ladder
seniority
merit
within-occupation gender segregation
homophily
organization gender culture
gender labelling
organizational climate
systemic discrimination
MANAGERS & SENIOR MANAGERS
The question: do organization promote women to upper positions less than
men? This is one of the 6 problems talked about in class, also is the glass
ceiling, it means women get promoted up until a point, then hit a point
where they can’t get above their role. The debate is, what causes it?
Organizations or women? Media “lean in book” talks about women needing
to work harder.
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Senior Managers by Sex (Thousands)
Situation in Canada: the numbers of women has stayed constant, men on
the other hand have fluctuated a lot more, and the tendency is more sharply
to go down.
# of males fluctuates more, declined.
womens steady until a small decline in 2009.
NOTE:
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Males
Females
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