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Lecture 2

PSY 302 Lecture 2: SOC362 LECT 2

by OneClass377672 , Fall 2016
10 Pages
79 Views
Fall 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY302
Professor
Adam Fikis
Lecture
2

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SOC362 LECT 2 9/16/2016 3:00:00 PM
WWW.statcan.gc.ca/labourforcecharatersitcis
shows us how many people are working and which genders are working
more.
Test mc/ 25 questions and 25 minutes. Covers last week and this week.
Media:
-more women in boards of directors and more women in senior role.
Companies had to do that or explain why they haven’t. Today: no
improvement on womens role in Canada’s boardrooms. It has actually gone
down.
-despite the new reulations, why are we seeing more women in board of
directors?
reports on no change:
1) Time: hoping that the changes haven’t accured simply because its been
only a year.
2) policies have emerged but are not aimed at gender diversity. Cpmanies
state that gender is not their focus in diversity
3) Companies don’t like targets:
4) Size: bigger companies are more liely to take in policies and gender
diversity, smaller companies however are less likely to adopt policies and
gender diversity.
1) Labour force: anyone in a job or actively looking for a job.
devided pop in 3 groups
-employed.
-unemployed= no job but actively looking
-Inactive: no job and not looking.
Labour force: employed and unemployed.
Participation rate: people active in the countries economy. Participation
rate= labour force/all those 15+
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
How do you interpret participation rate: tells us about social attitudes about
working. Low part by women means that women are not enclined to work.
Cuase could be economic reason, such as low supply of jobs.
2nd reason is social culture: having the belief that women should stay home
and look after kids.
-Particpation counts for paid work.
unpaid work: females carework.
childcare/eldercare:
cutback on jobs: companies looking for volunteer workers. We lack stats on
informal colunteer work, such as helping neighbours plant.
Other rate: employmenet rate: only counts those who have a job. Better
measure of how business are contributing to the economy by offering jobs.
2nd aspect of employmenyt rate is who is getting hired, such as genders,
ages, races.
FEMALE LF PARTICIPATION
how are women doing in terms of participating in the economy.
participation rate is
-61.2 by women. Part rate for men is higher by 9%.
How have things changed?
Recent Changes in Participation Rates
Long Term Female LF Participation
-female participation rates have sky rocketed since 1901. Conclusion? Over
the long term womens labour force participation has increased. Mens not so
much. Womens story goes to post inductrializition. Recently however it has
remained the same or slightly lower
International Comparisons of Participation Rates
Recently retirement age has changed.
sweden: diff b/w male part and female is low. Iceland also has smallest diff
b/w male and female part rates (Sweden and Iceland and northern
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
countries) . Canada is a part fo 2nd groups, modern countries. Something
about the English language and culture tends be a dereminant.
3rd groups. Japan and Italy are both developed but are male dominant
cultures. Mexico is less developed but is male oriented.
EXPLAINING PART RATE DIFFERENCES
The three differences:
1. GAP (difference between and women)
2. LONGITUDINAL/OVERTIME DIFF. womens rates in Canada has increased a
lot overtime. (diff in the past for women and today)
3. Diff across countries.
Immidiate causes for differences:
1. Child Rearing
Mostly a female job, caring for children results in pulling out of the labour
force. Complicating since youre economic needs increase when your have a
child, yet you pull out of labour force. Data shows that If your 15 to 44 and
if your married, youre likely to be married. Single mothers who are caring
for children pull out of labour force. Finding is that there is something about
opportunity.
-findings daycare is hard, this women stay home and watch their children
2. Economy & Industrialization
-With industrialization, the service sector jobs that are attractive to women,
don’t pay much, but are clean, urban center and are easy to get into.
-Nursing is a job that requires lifting people.
economic cycles short term: healthy economy means pleple are getting
hired. If men can’t fill them all, then women will fill them, such as
construction jobs.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
find more resources at oneclass.com SOC362 LECT 2 9/16/2016 3:00:00 PM WWW.statcan.gc.ca/labourforcecharatersitcis shows us how many people are working and which genders are working more. Test mc/ 25 questions and 25 minutes. Covers last week and this week. Media: -more women in boards of directors and more women in senior role. Companies had to do that or explain why they haven’t. Today: no improvement on womens role in Canada’s boardrooms. It has actually gone down. -despite the new reulations, why are we seeing more women in board of directors? reports on no change: 1) Time: hoping that the changes haven’t accured simply because its been only a year. 2) policies have emerged but are not aimed at gender diversity. Cpmanies state that gender is not their focus in diversity 3) Companies don’t like targets: 4) Size: bigger companies are more liely to take in policies and gender diversity, smaller companies however are less likely to adopt policies and gender diversity. 1) Labour force: anyone in a job or actively looking for a job. devided pop in 3 groups -employed. -unemployed= no job but actively looking -Inactive: no job and not looking. Labour force: employed and unemployed. Participation rate: people active in the countries economy. Participation rate= labour force/all those 15+ find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com How do you interpret participation rate: tells us about social attitudes about working. Low part by women means that women are not enclined to work. Cuase could be economic reason, such as low supply of jobs. nd 2 reason is social culture: having the belief that women should stay home and look after kids. -Particpation counts for paid work. unpaid work: females carework. childcare/eldercare: cutback on jobs: companies looking for volunteer workers. We lack stats on informal colunteer work, such as helping neighbours plant. Other rate: employmenet rate: only counts those who have a job. Better measure of how business are contributing to the economy by offering jobs. nd 2 aspect of employmenyt rate is who is getting hired, such as genders, ages, races. FEMALE LF PARTICIPATION how are women doing in terms of participating in the economy. participation rate is -61.2 by women. Part rate for men is higher by 9%. How have things changed? Recent Changes in Participation Rates Long Term Female LF Participation -female participation rates have sky rocketed since 1901. Conclusion? Over the long term womens labour force participation has increased. Mens not so much. Womens story goes to post inductrializition. Recently however it has remained the same or slightly lower International Comparisons of Participation Rates Recently retirement age has changed. sweden: diff b/w male part and female is low. Iceland also has smallest diff b/w male and female part rates (Sweden and Iceland and northern find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com countries) . Canada is a part fo 2ndgroups, modern countries. Something about the English language and culture tends be a dereminant. 3rdgroups. Japan and Italy are both developed but are male dominant cultures. Mexico is less developed but is male oriented. EXPLAINING PART RATE DIFFERENCES The three differences: 1. GAP (difference between and women) 2. LONGITUDINAL/OVERTIME DIFF. womens rates in Canada has increased a lot overtime. (diff in the past for women and today) 3. Diff across countries. Immidiate causes for differences: 1. Child Rearing Mostly a female job, caring for children results in pulling out of the labour force. Complicating since youre economic needs increase when your have a child, yet you pull out of labour force. Data shows that If your 15 to 44 and if your married, youre likely to be married. Single mothers who are caring for children pull out of labour force. Finding is that there is something about opportunity. -findings daycare is hard, this women stay home and watch their children 2. Economy & Industrialization -With industrialization, the service sector jobs that are attractive to women, don’t pay much, but are clean, urban center and are easy to get into. -Nursing is a job that requires lifting people. economic cycles short term: healthy economy means pleple are getting hired. If men can’t fill them all, then women will fill them, such as construction jobs. find more resources at oneclass.com find more resources at oneclass.com -but with recession women can’t find jobs. diff: across countries in terms of gap, male part artes are the same, female part rates are different. This tells you that it has to do with culture and not economy. As low economy would mean that both men and women don’t have jobs. 3. Feminism 1-changing cultural values about the appropriate role of women in society. 2-the changes results in women putting expectation such as getting a job, education and a degree. text: there are three waves of feminism wave 1: feminism: the major concern was equal rights for women, the right to vote and own property. Argued that men and women were equal in rights. It challenged the notion that a womans place is in the home or female sector jobs wave 2: radical feminism which highlighted womens oppression, such as beauty pageans, and afforts of keeping women out of male sector jobs. Fought for better pay and better jobs. -contradiction emerged. One hand thought that women should be equal to men, such as get similar pay and similar position. The other idea was that women should act with other women and focus on sisterhood. Third wave: 1990 to now: emphasis is on power “girl power” highlights that there are diff b/w men an women,
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