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ANTH 1034 (10)
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World Cultures January 22.docx

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Department
anthropology
Course
ANTH 1034
Professor
Hollis Moore
Semester
Winter

Description
Anthro 1034: World Cultures January 22 , 2014  Ethnographic Field Work • Arm chair anthropologist o Did not do field work, critiqued the experiences of those who did o Singular concept of culture, the pinnacle was Victorian culture with  everything else on a trajectory towards that point • Bronislaw Malinowski o Came from Britain where he founded Anthropology and the London  school of Economics o Studied the Trobeanders people in Papua New Guinea o Polish o When WW2 happened he was classified as an “enemy” and out of  necessity lived among the Trobeans for 2 years o The first anthropologist to try and see through the native’s point of view o Stressed the need to learn the language and act in the daily life of the  natives o 3 levels of data  what do people say they do? • Ask them  what do people actually do? • Watch their day­to­day activities  what do they think about what they do? • Gleaned indirectly by being there o Participant Observation o Realised that catologing and comparing cultures through second hand  accounts in order to rank them was to do a great disservice to the cultures o People have their own complex institutions that were rational and logical  for their culture • Franz Boas o US citizen o A key component of cultural analysis; a methodological approach ≠ moral  relativism o The proposition that,  as anthropologists, we cannot understand another  culture without suspending judgement to see how it works on its own  terms o An antidote to… ethnocentrism  The assumption that one’s own culture has the most appropriate  ways of resolving common problems all humans face. o Espoused salvage anthropology  An approach to anthropology that arose in the late 1800s, when  anthropologists witnessed the extinction and/or assimilation of  indigenous groups throughout the world. In response, some  anthropologists, such as Franz Boas, suggested that anthropologists  rapidly document the oral stories, songs, histories, and other  traditions of indigenous groups before they disappeared. Ethnographic Method • Participant Observation o An element of 
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