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World Cultures February 5th.docx

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ANTH 1034
Hollis Moore

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World Cultures February 5, 2014 Anthropology in the Colonial Encounter The Magnificent African Cake Europeans justified there  • Saw the Africans as lay • Saw them as children and savages Civilizing Mission • Rationale for European colonization of Africa; involved the supposed speed of  civilization by the westernization of indigenous groups • “ The White Man’s Burden” o Poem by Rudyard Kipling o Many understood the phrase as a characterization of imperialism that  justifies the policy as a noble enterprise • Let us have a wise and paternal government… doing its utmost to help and  elevate the Indian population who have been cast upon our care (doing)… our  duty by the red man – Canadian Politician Alexander Morris in 1877 Anthropology and the colonial encore • Neo colonialism o The persistence of profound social and economic entanglement linking for  colonial territories to their former colonial rulers despite political  sovereign it • Asad – Handmaiden of Colonialism o Apologists of Colonialism? o Subtle agents of colonial supremacy who studied African customs to  provide the dominant white minority with info damaging to native  interests? o “We are today being increasingly aware of the face that information and  understanding produced by… disciplines like anthropology are acquired  and used most readily by those with the great capacity for exploitation o Social anthropology emerged as a distinctive discipline at the beginning of  the colonial era and became a flourishing academic profession toward the  close of this era o Throughout the colonial era anthropological efforts were devoted to  description and analysis – carried about by Europeans, for a European  audience – of non­European societies dominated by European power o The reality that made prewar social anthropology possible was the power  relationship between dominating (European) and dominated (non –  European) cultures. o YET…  there was a strange reluctance on the part of most professional  anthropologists to consider seriously the power structure within which  their discipline has taken shape.  Political – ethical problem  Explanatory,  o The process of European global power has been central t the  anthropological task of recording and analyzing the way of life of subject 
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