Anthro 1033: World Cultures
January 31, 2014
How can we explain the vast inequality between the rich and the poor?
• Progress ( a possible explanation)
o The idea that human history is th story of a steady afance from a life
dependency on the whims of nature to a life of control and domination
over natural forces.
o Arguable a fabrication (an invention) of contemporary western societies
based on ethnographic notions of technological superiority.
• Industrial revolution
o Factory system – A system of production characterized by the
concentration of labour and machines in specific places. It is associated
with the industrial revolution
Transformed England into the wealthiest country in the world
o The British in India / Indian Calico Textile
Obstacle – where is the demand
Obstacle – where are the raw materials
Increase in technology and production ▯Market/Demand for textile
and Raw materials
Late 17 century the British government granted a trading
monopoly with India to the East India company
1750s the British provoked the rulers of Bengal into war and won
once they on the war they plundered the state and gained control of
by 1765 the British East India company had become the civil
administration of this province
at this point they increased taxes on peasants and artisans, resulting
in major famines
Resulted in East India Company
o The British in Chine
The Opium war
• Reversed flow of money between China and the rest of the
• By the end of th 19 centry roughly 1/10 Chinese addicted
• Textile exports from England to India and Chine increased
• British had a means to Opium through their control of India
• The military took a stand against the East India company
and the British military backed down
• Wealth Is realted to poverty, one nation’s advancement
comes at the cost of another country’s downfall
o Cotton , Slavery and Cherokee Removal Who where the slaves?
Where did they come from?
Why did this happen?
To pay for labour in the cotton industry was to ruin the industry
Americans did not know how to plant cotton so they brought in
experts from Africa
Not theonly form of forced migration in the textile industry
• 1830s 125,000 native americans
using the case of the Cherokee removal explain why some groups
have no ‘ modernized’ or ‘ developed’ in the same ways as
• Cherokees seen as a civilised tribe