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World Cultures January 31.docx

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Department
anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 1034
Professor
Hollis Moore

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Anthro 1033: World Cultures January 31, 2014 How can we explain the vast inequality between the rich and the poor? • Progress ( a possible explanation) o The idea that human history is th story of a steady afance from a life  dependency on the whims of nature to a life of control and domination  over natural forces. o Arguable a fabrication (an invention) of contemporary western societies  based on ethnographic notions of technological superiority. • Industrial revolution o Factory system – A system of production characterized by the  concentration of labour and machines in specific places. It is associated  with the industrial revolution  Transformed England into the wealthiest country in the world o The British in India / Indian Calico Textile  Obstacle – where is the demand  Obstacle – where are the raw materials  Increase in technology and production  ▯Market/Demand for textile   and Raw materials  Late 17  century the British government granted a trading  monopoly with India to the East India company  1750s the British provoked the rulers of Bengal into war and won  the war  once they on the war they plundered the state and gained control of  the weavers  by 1765 the British East India company had become the civil  administration of this province  at this point they increased taxes on peasants and artisans, resulting  in major famines  Resulted in East India Company  o The British in Chine  The Opium war • Reversed flow of money between China and the rest of the  world • By the end of th 19  centry roughly 1/10 Chinese addicted  to opium • Textile exports from England to India and Chine increased • British had a means to Opium through their control of India • The military took a stand against the East India company  and the British military backed down • Wealth Is realted to  poverty, one nation’s advancement  comes at the cost of another country’s downfall o Cotton , Slavery and Cherokee Removal  Who where the slaves?  Where did they come from?  Why did this happen?  To pay for labour in the cotton industry was to ruin the industry  Americans did not know how to plant cotton so they brought in   experts from Africa  Not theonly form of forced migration in the textile industry • 1830s 125,000 native americans   using the case of the Cherokee removal explain why some groups  have no ‘ modernized’ or ‘ developed’ in the same ways as  wealthier groups.  • Cherokees seen as a civilised tribe
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