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Making of the Modern World November 18.docx

by OneClass250064 , Fall 2014
4 Pages
Fall 2014

Course Code
HIST 1100
Valerie Hebert

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Histoy 1100
November 18, 2013
The American Revolution
Key Terms
“ No taxation without representation!”
The Sugar and Stamp Acts
The Tea Act, 1773
The Boston Tea Part, December 16, 1773
The Coercive Acts, 1774
The First and Second Continental Congress, 1774 and 1775
‘” The Shot heard Round the World” April 19, 1775
The Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Battle of Yorktown, 1781
The Constitution
The Bill of Rights
Frederick Douglass “ What, to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” ( 1852)
The 13 Colonies
Most of land in NA was inhabitated by aboriginals
Greatest concentration of European colonists was in the 13 colonies
Large population which was relatively homogenous
More social mobility
oA citizen was valued by the skill or trade they had
Colonists were well educated  protestant tradition
The people of the colonies were used to being a part of their government
They met as assemblies to debate issues of the day and decide as a group
War of Indepednance
Came after the 7 years war
American colonies useful for natural resources and population
The war doubled Britain’s national debt
To pay off the debt of the war the British government raised taxes on necessities
They fussed with colonial government to upset the people
Militia : armed citizenry
No taxation without representation!
The American colonists had a problem with paying taxes to a government they
had no representation in
Colonists would bouycot certain British luxuries

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Histoy 1100 November 18, 2013 The American Revolution Key Terms • “ No taxation without representation!” • The Sugar and Stamp Acts • The Tea Act, 1773 • The Boston Tea Part, December 16, 1773 • The Coercive Acts, 1774 • The First and Second Continental Congress, 1774 and 1775 • ‘” The Shot heard Round the World” April 19, 1775 • The Declaration of Independence • Thomas Jefferson • Battle of Yorktown, 1781 • The Constitution • The Bill of Rights • Frederick Douglass “ What, to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” ( 1852) The 13 Colonies • Most of land in NA was inhabitated by aboriginals • Greatest concentration of European colonists was in the 13 colonies • Large population which was relatively homogenous • More social mobility o A citizen was valued by the skill or trade they had • Colonists were well educated  ▯protestant tradition • The people of the colonies were used to being a part of their government • They met as assemblies to debate issues of the day and decide as a group  War of Indepednance • Came after the 7 years war • American colonies useful for natural resources and population • The war doubled Britain’s national debt • To pay off the debt of the war the British government raised taxes on necessities • They fussed with colonial government to upset the people • Militia : armed citizenry • No taxation without representation! • The American colonists had a problem with paying taxes to a government they  had no representation in • Colonists would bouycot certain British luxuries The Stamp Act • In order for something to be legal it had to have a certain stamp on it, the stamp  would need to be bought from the government • November 1765 – March 1766 • 3 year interlude of peace 1770 – 1773 • May 1773, British parliament passed Tea Act Tea Act • British government passed this act to save the East India Trading Company • Government lifted tax that the company would have to pay a tax to sell its good in  the American market • Allowed the company to sell directly to shopkeepers and retailers in the colonies • The shopkeepers still had to pay a tax on the merchandise they bought • Middle men has been smuggling tea in from the Dutch • Once the Tea Act was passed, merchants thought that it was a way for the EITC to  monopolise the tea trade • Dartmouth, Eleanor, Beaver o Anchored in Boston, full of tea o Radicals wanted the ships to return to Britain so that they would not flood  the market o Coloniists afraid that the British would confiscate the Tea and sell it  anyway o A group of men boarded the ship dressed as mohawks and dumped the Tea  into the water The Tea Party • Grassroots movement • The more republican
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