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Lecture

Making of the Modern World November 18.docx

4 pages82 viewsFall 2014

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1100
Professor
Valerie Hebert

Page:
of 4
Histoy 1100
November 18, 2013
The American Revolution
Key Terms
“ No taxation without representation!”
The Sugar and Stamp Acts
The Tea Act, 1773
The Boston Tea Part, December 16, 1773
The Coercive Acts, 1774
The First and Second Continental Congress, 1774 and 1775
‘” The Shot heard Round the World” April 19, 1775
The Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson
Battle of Yorktown, 1781
The Constitution
The Bill of Rights
Frederick Douglass “ What, to the Slave is the Fourth of July?” ( 1852)
The 13 Colonies
Most of land in NA was inhabitated by aboriginals
Greatest concentration of European colonists was in the 13 colonies
Large population which was relatively homogenous
More social mobility
oA citizen was valued by the skill or trade they had
Colonists were well educated  protestant tradition
The people of the colonies were used to being a part of their government
They met as assemblies to debate issues of the day and decide as a group
War of Indepednance
Came after the 7 years war
American colonies useful for natural resources and population
The war doubled Britain’s national debt
To pay off the debt of the war the British government raised taxes on necessities
They fussed with colonial government to upset the people
Militia : armed citizenry
No taxation without representation!
The American colonists had a problem with paying taxes to a government they
had no representation in
Colonists would bouycot certain British luxuries
The Stamp Act
In order for something to be legal it had to have a certain stamp on it, the stamp
would need to be bought from the government
November 1765 – March 1766
3 year interlude of peace 1770 – 1773
May 1773, British parliament passed Tea Act
Tea Act
British government passed this act to save the East India Trading Company
Government lifted tax that the company would have to pay a tax to sell its good in
the American market
Allowed the company to sell directly to shopkeepers and retailers in the colonies
The shopkeepers still had to pay a tax on the merchandise they bought
Middle men has been smuggling tea in from the Dutch
Once the Tea Act was passed, merchants thought that it was a way for the EITC to
monopolise the tea trade
Dartmouth, Eleanor, Beaver
oAnchored in Boston, full of tea
oRadicals wanted the ships to return to Britain so that they would not flood
the market
oColoniists afraid that the British would confiscate the Tea and sell it
anyway
oA group of men boarded the ship dressed as mohawks and dumped the Tea
into the water
The Tea Party
Grassroots movement
The more republican you are the less you want government
By the people for the people
No central leadership
Boston Tea Party
After the BTP Britain passed many acts referred to as the “ Coersive Acts”
To show Americans their place
Started militia
Stock piled weapons
British sent sod
The Shot Heard Round the World
Lexington, Massachusetts April 17 1775
An untrained militia could hold its own against the British army- the biggest
army in the world
Took a year before the leaders of the colonies signed their Declaration of
Indepedance
Declaration of Indepedance
Written by Thomas Jefferson at the age of 33
Signed by 56 delegates
Give me your ‘ John Hancock’
Thomas Jefferson
Renaissance man
Political theorist, linguist, teacher, lawyer
Lead spokesman for the high ideals of the revolution
Born on a slave-owning plantation in Virginia
Became a spokesperson for opposing British Taxation
His reputation as being an articulate writer caused him to be elected to the 2nd
Inspired by the enlightenment thinkers
Became a minister in France, a diplomat
Brought 2 slaves with him to France
Sided with the republicans during the French Revolution
Fathered at least one child with one of his slaves
oLabeled him as a hypocrite
o“ all men are equal” vs. owning hundreds of slaves
he is not anonymous in this
War of Independence
Militia fought for years against the seasoned troops of British Forces
British hired Germans
Battle zone was 1500 mile zone
Americans were on their own turf
America won the battle of Saratoga
French aided the Americans
French gave Americans the Statue of Liberty
October 1781, Battle of Yorktown
Treaty of Paris, Britain recognized the independence of America
3 Key Developments
Political democracy
o1787 began the writing of the Constitution
executive, legislative, judiciary
executive: the president elected by the people
ohad the power to appoint secretaries ( secretary of state)
ocommander in chief if navy and army
Legislative: the senate and congress

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