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Lecture 10

Psychology Lecture 10 Nov 13, 2013.docx

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Lakehead University
PSYCH 1100
Mike Moland

PSYC-1100-YB RB-1042 Dr. M. Moland Psychology November 13, 2013 7:00 PM Definitions from today on exam … read the learning and critical thinking chapters Learning  A relatively permanent change in behaviour, or though as a result of experience with the world, lasts over a period of time  Classical conditioning: a type of learning in which organism comes to associate stimuli, making connections Difference: ↑ you don’t have to do anything (thunder - dog experiences fear), ↓ you do something followed be rewards/punishments (consequences of an action)  Operant conditioning: a type of learning in which behaviour is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Target behaviour is Elicited automatically Emitted voluntarily Behaviour is a function Stimuli that precede the Consequences that follow the of behaviour behaviour Behaviour depends on Autonomic nervous system Skeletal muscles CLASSICAL  Unconditioned: nothing needs to be learned, comes naturally (dog salivates, food goes in the mouth) Conditioned: learned (the bell before food = food = salivation, so salivation becomes the conditioned response) **The salivation becomes the unconditioned and the conditioned response** (They are the same) 1. Food Salivation 2. Bell No salivation 3. Food and bell Salivation 4. Bell Salivation  Unconditioned stimulus (US): a stimulus that automatically triggers a response  Unconditioned response (UCD): the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus  Conditioned stimulus (CS): an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an US, comes to trigger a CR  Conditioned response (CR): the learned response to CS  Extinction: lessening of a CR when US does not occur after a CS  Spontaneous recovery: the reappearance after a pause of an old CR  Generalization: the tendency for stimuli similar to the CS to elicit similar CRs  Discrimination: the learned ability to distinguish between a CS and stimuli that do not signal an US Page 1 PSYC-1100-YB RB-1042 Dr. M. Moland Conditioned Fear John B. Watson - Father of Behaviourism  We learn through experience not from genetics  Variations between individuals are not due to any inherent differences but are entirely due to how they are reared  Any behaviour is a result of learning through ass
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