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PSYCH 1100
Thomas Kondzielewski

Tuesday, January 21st, 2014 Chapter 9: Cognition, Language, & Creativity▯ ▯ Psychology▯ ▯ *Mouse trap is an example of a Rube Goldberg ▯ ▯ Consequences test▯ - List all the consequences that would follow if a basic change were made in the world▯ ▯ Anagrams Test▯ - Make as many new words as possible from the letters given in a word▯ ▯ Often seen on puzzle pages in newspapers *Born Legend*▯ When is creativity good?▯ - To be creative, the solution to a problem must be more than novel, unusual, or original▯ - It must also be practical if it is an invention▯ - It must also be sensible if it is an idea▯ - But what if it is a work of art?▯ ▯ Stages of Creative Thought▯ - Orientation: Defining the problem▯ - Preparation: Gaining as much info as possible▯ - Incubation: The problem, while not appearing to be actively worked on, is still “cooking” in the - background▯ ▯ Illumination:▯ Positive Psychology- Creative Personality▯ - Smarter people have a slight tendency to be more creative (i.e. only a small positive correlation)▯ - Creative people usually have a greater than average range of knowledge and interests▯ - More fluent in combining ideas from various sources▯ - Good at using mental images and metaphor▯ ▯ Creative Personality▯ - Interested in truth, form, & beauty▯ - Less interested in fame or success▯ *Accepting irrational thoughts▯ to experience:▯ * Uninhibited about feelings & fantasies▯ - So when is irrationality successful?▯ - Uninhibited: suggests a willingness to ignore the demands of society ▯ - Otherwise: not especially unusual, outlandish or bizarre (so they say)▯ ▯ Intuition: Quick, impulsive thought that does not make use of clear reasoning or formal logic▯ * Picture of Malcolm Gladwell squished (teaching us we jump to conclusions “oh ya I know what that is”)▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Tuesday, January 21st, 2014 Pitfalls in Judgement▯ ▯ Representativeness heuristic: Giving a choice greater weight if it seems to be representative of what we already know▯ Which is more like:▯ A) Tiger Woods will not be in the lead after the first round of golf of a tournament but will win the tournament.▯ B) Tiger Woods…▯ ▯ Base Rate: Underlying probability of an event▯ ** “In many high-risk situations ignoring base rates is the same as thinking you are an exception to the rule.”▯ Or wishing that you could be an exception…▯ ▯ Framing: The way a problem is stated or the way it is structured▯ ▯
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