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Africa and its earliest homo sapiens fossil.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1131
Professor
D.Sandgathe
Semester
Summer

Description
Africa and its earliest homo sapiens fossil  Florisbad, South Africa - Cranial fragments recovered from a spring - Intermediate between H. heidelbergensis and early AMHs? - Perhaps 250,000 years old? - Has a much reduced brow ridge compared to Neanderthals - Has a rectangular eye orbit - Many characteristics of those of AMHs - Still debates whether it’s AMH or not  Klasies River Mouth, South Africa - Remains of up to 10 individuals discovered, but no complete crania:  Have pointy chins  No retromolar gap  Fully modern postcrania  120,000 years old - A great material culture found; associated with advanced technology (pointed projectile points, small blades, bone points) and evidence of symbolic behaviour - The technology here is much older than what is found in other parts of the world  Omo Kibish, Ethiopia - 2 incomplete crania, 4 mandibles, and assorted other pieces - Clearly early AMHs - 195,000 years old (well-dated) - Omo 2 had a cranial capacity of greater than 1,400 cubic
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