10 crania and 5,500 other skeletal fragments – many of them
The biggest collection of hominin remains from any species
other than modern, present-day humans
MNI (Minimum Number of Individuals) = 28
At least 12 females and 8 males
One individual less than 10 years old, and three are over 35
years old, but majority are adolescents or young adults Clearly ancestors for the later Neadertals that will appear next
- Neandertals in Europe evolve from H. heidelbergensis in
- The H. heidelbergensis have mid-facial pragnathism and a
double-arched brow ridge instead of one shelf brow ridge
These are typical Neandertal characteristics
- Cranial capacities range from 1,125-1,390 cubic centimetres
- Mean for modern humans are 1,350 cubic centimetres
- However, their EQ are still lower than ours
Out of the 10 skulls, the most complete is the SH 5 - A little bit of post-orbital constriction, that isn’t present in
- Still retain the pentagonal shape of the H. erectus, although
this isn’t the case for all H. heidelbergensis
- The widest part at the back of the skull is a little bit higher
than those of H. erectus
- Fit very nicely between H. erectus and Neandertals What can these bones tell us?
How did these people’s remains get here?
- Were they living in the cage?
Doesn’t make sense