Clearly the Ancestor of the Later Neandertals
Typical Neandertal features
o Double-archer browridge
o Mid-facial prognathism
o Modern human is 1350 cc
What Can the Bones Tell Us?
1. How did these peoples’ remains get here?
a. Living in the cave
i. Poor access to cave ii. Almost no stone tools
iii. Faunal remains not typical of people food
o Dragged there by cave bears or cave lions?
o Carnivore tooth marks on over 50% of bones
o But… age-profile of the hominin remains is not right
Very odd age-at-death profile
Not representative of predators selecting prey (e.g.,
bears or lions)
o Where they thrown into the pit?
Just disposing of corpses?
Was it funerary ritual?
2. What did they look like? a. Bone length suggest similar stature to modern human
i. Avg. 1.75m (5’9”) for males and 1.7m (5’7”) for
ii. Some males weighed 90kg (200 lbs) and were 1.8m