Homo Sapiens Neanderthalensis
Neanderthal or Neandertal?
1839 – Engis Dave, Belgium
1848 – Forbes Quarry, Gibraltar
1856 – Feldhofer Cave, Neandertal, Germany
1886 – Spy d’Orneau, Belgium (2 skeletons)
Finding a number of similar fossils proved that they were members
of an ancient population, not diseased modern humans
Very productive years for discoveries of neandertal remains Krapina, Croatia (1899)
o Remains of up to 80 individuals
o Dated to 130,000 ya
o Remains all fragmented (no complete skulls)
o Lots of cutmarks and burning – cannibalism?
La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France
o Complete skeleton
o Old man with arthritis