Infant Neandertal Remains
Roc de Marsal, France
o 2-4 year old
o Intentional burial not likely
o 80,000 ya
Currently, we have remains of ~ 500 Neandertal individuals
This includes fragments and isolated teeth
Duration of Neandertals?
Direct Neandertal Ancestors?
o Europeam H. Heidelbergensis is clearly the direct ancestor of
Neandertals Earlies Fossils
Sima de los Huesos, Spain
o 400,000 ya
o Not quite Neandertal, but VERY close; likely an immediate
o Dated to 230,000 ya