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Lecture

Neandertal Skeletal Morphology.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 2231
Professor
B.Galdiks
Semester
Summer

Description
Neandertal Skeletal Morphology Post-Cranial Skeleton  Neandertals were more robust than modern humans (like H. Erectus and H. Antecessor) o Large muscle attachment locations o Slight “bowing” of the long bones Neandertal rib cages are more conically shaped o Neandertal o Modern human Neandetal Arms o Neandertal scapulas enabled them to swing their upper arms powerfully Neandertal Hands o Power vs precision grip o Apical tufts o Robust hand bones = stronger hands than us Lower limbs o Crural index  Tibia length/femur length  “Crural index of Neandertals is close to modern Sammi and Inuit populations.” – Study by E. Trinkaus  Interpreted to reflect a cold climate adaption  As temperature decreases,
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