Problems with the Out of Africa Hypothesis
1. Computing mtDNA Mutation Rates
2. Observed Mutation Rates
a. Based on direct observation of modern human genetics,
the rate of mtDNA change (random mutations) are 24x
higher than those estimated based on fossil studies.
b. At this rate, all AMH mtDNA coalesces at 6500 bp!
3. Constructing mtDNA Genetic Trees?
A Third Potential Explanation? – “Weak Garden of Eden” H